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PBS 8 EATING DISORDERS

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jessgrimmel's version from 2018-05-20 22:56

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Question Answer
Klump et al. (2005)association between 2D:4D and MEBS scores
Culbert et al. (2008)More disordered eating on MEBS for opposite-sex twins
Raevuori et al. (2008)No difference in disordered eating between opposite and same-sex twins
Klump et al. (2006)Pubertal hormones interact with gene expression, associated with disordered eating
Grice et al. (2002), Ricca et al. (2002)Various gene loci associated with eating disorders
Klump et al. (2010) Greater heritability in MZ twins during periods of increased estrodiol
Culbert et al. (2009)0% heritability increases to 60% post-puberty
Culbert et al. (2013)During mid-late puberty, opposite-sex twins demonstrate protectiveness of T - less sensitive to the effects of pubertal hormones
Liang et al. (2003)Mechanism could be estrogen impacts genes encoding estrogen receptors
Bailer et al. (2003)Mechanism could involve alteration of the serotonergic pathway
Stice (1994) Sociocultural theory of eating disorders - media rewards thinness
Gebner (2002)Overexposure to media messages affects representations of reality
Evans et al. (2017)Internalisation of these messages is what leads to body dissatisfaction and EDs
Field et al. (2008)Media messages predict binge eating stronger in girls
Micoli et al. (2015) Girls under more pressure to lose weight in the media, which is associated with more disordered eating
Grabe et al. (2008)Women exposed to more same-sex models in the media
Baird & Greive (2005)Men exposed to male models in the media show lower levels of body dissatisfaction
Thompson & Stice (2001)Women more likely to internalise messages - internalisation fully mediates the relationship between media and disordered eating
Thompson & Stromer (1998)Teach women to critically appraise the media
Peterson et al. (2007)Media, parental and peer influences cumulative - but greater for girls. Girls model losing weight/dieting from mothers, and mothers more likely to encourage thinness in daughters.
Stice (1998)Maternal modelling of bulimic symptoms predicts bulimia, stronger for girls
Tufecki (2008)Social comparison with peers through interactive and pervasive processes.
William & Marquez (2015) Comments and likes on social media are a way of rewarding weight loss
McCabe & Ricardelli (2001)Girls give more body-related feedback than boys
Festinger et al. (1954)Social comparison
Thompson et al. (1991) Social comparison mediates relationship between social influences and body dissatisfaction
Fitzsimos-Craft (2014)Social comparison mediates relationship between thinness internalisation and body dissatisfaction
Jones et al. (2001)Girls show greater social comparison across targets and attributes, explaining more of the variance
Mezulius et al. (2002)College girls more likely to ruminate than college men, particularly in the domains of interpersonal relationships and body dissatisfaction
Culbert et al. (2015) When researching role of cognition in eating disorders, we focus on samples of women - we don't really know about cognition in men
Rutter (2003)We need causal modelling
Mitchinson (2014)Males may underreport eating disorders
Murray et al. (2016)Eating disorders may present differently in men - bulking and cutting - not accomodated by current scales
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