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PBS 8 DEPRESSION

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jessgrimmel's version from 2018-05-20 23:07

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Question Answer
Hankin et al. (1998)By adolescence, women 2x as likely to suffer from depression compared to men
Kessler et al. (2003)WHO leading cause of disability in women worldwide
Agrawel et al. (2004)No evidence of gender difference in genetic vulnerability
Halbreich & Kahn (2001)Estrogen --> cascade of intracellular events, affecting the transcription of proteins associated with the production of serotonin and postsynaptic serotonergic transmission (distruption of estrogen homeostasis disrupts serotonin transmission in brain, leading to mood disorders)
Brooks-Gunn & Warren (1989)100 girls aged 10-14, negative affect associated with pubertal hormones, but only explained 4% of variance. Negative life events 17% of variance.
Hyde (2008)Vulnerability does not lead to depression without negative life events
Compas et al. (1985) Girls experience more negative life events, particularly in adolescence
Costello et al. (2002)Girls 2x the risk of sexual abuse
Crick et al. (2002)Girls more negative interpersonal events with peers and family
Hankin (2007)Diaries - girls reported more negative life events and stressors, particularly interpersonal stressors.
Davis (1999) Meta-analysis - negative life events only effect size d = .12, greater effect was differences in appraisal
Hankin & Abramson (2001)Negative cognitive style mediate the relationship between gender and depression, reducing association 53%
Nolen-Hoeksema (2000)Cognitive rumination associated with depression
Mezulius et al. (2002)College women ruminate more than college men, particularly in the domain of interpersonal events and body image.
Treynor (2003)Rumination mediates the relationship between gender and depression - exacerbating effect of stressful life events.
Else-Quest et al. (2006)No evidence of gender differences in relevant temperamental factors that could underlie the cognitive styles
Moller (2001)Biased samples of women - men less likely to seek help for depression
Silverstein (1999)women lack sleep and appetitie, somatic anxiety
Schutik (2006)1/3 of alcohol dependers experience comorbid depression
Brady et al. (1999)2/3 of those who abuse alcohol are men
Hyde et al. (2008)ABC model - interactions, but what is important is equifinality
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