PBS 4 Vision

jessgrimmel's version from 2017-05-24 09:46


Question Answer
Hecht Light adaptation
Young and HelmholtzTrichromacy theory - metametric
Brown and WaldTrichromacy theory - photospectrometry
Hering Opponent processing theory (backed up by De Valois et al.)
Hartline and Graham / KufflerReceptive fields
Hermann's grid / Simultaneous brightness contrast / Cornsweet illusion Lateral inhibition
McCann (2001)Benary cross is not explained by LI
Hubel and Wiesel (1977)Negative-tilt after effect - orientation selective cells
Campbell and Robson Spatial frequency channels
Blakemore and Campbell / De Valois et al. Cortical neurons tuned to spatial frequencies
Reichardt (1969)Motion detectors in fruit flies
Sutherland (1961)Selective direction cells in V1
Paradiso et al. (1989)IOT for neg. tilt after-effect - real and subjective contours
Nishida et al. (1994)IOT for motion 100% for flickering stimuli
WallachLightness perception = ration between background illumination and light reflected by object
Whites illusion, Benary's cross, Adelson's chequered shadow illusionLI does not explain lightness constancy - higher level interpretation
Gelb effectHigher level interpretation of lightness constancy
Gilchrist (1980)Depth cues influence lightness perception in dark / light rooms
Emmert's lawSize constancy - scaled up according to distance from the observer using depth cues
Corridor illusion, Panzo illusion, Moon illusion, Titchner illusion misapplied size constancy - cues can be misleading
HelmholtzPerceptual hypothesis - we develop hypotheses (similar to heuristics) not just based on retinal factors
Dennet We do not need to 'fill in'
Ramachandran and GregoryTwinkle after-effect - filling-in
Fiorani et al. V1 neurons 'filling in' when a bar drifting across whole blindspot
De Weerd et al. (1995) Macaques filling in white box - signals increase
Hubel and Wiesel (1962)Architecture of the V1
Wong and Riley (1979)Cytochrome oxidase staining - blobs and interblobs
Hubel and Wiesel Hierarchy of cells - simple, complex, hypercomplex
Zihl, Crammer and Mai Akinetopsia - V5/MT motion
Beckers and ZechTMS of V5 - performance drops in motion detection task
Zeki V4 - colour constancy
Hadjikani V8 - higher colour coding (Zeki argues V8 part of V4 in humans?)
Merry go-round illusion Change blindness