PBS 1 - Perceptual Development

psychnerd's version from 2016-05-25 17:07

Section 1

Question Answer
William James"Great blooming, buzzing confusion"
Fantz, Ordelf and Udey Infants have a rounder lens and less effective cillilary muscles, limiting their visual acuity to 30cm.
Hainline"Visually normal infants have the level of visual functioning required for what they need to do"
Johnson et al.Neonates and face panels - face preference
Bushnell preference for mothers faces
Quinn et al.Female caregiver, preference for females... male care giver, preference for males... perceptual narrowing as they grow older
Kelly, Quinn et al."Other race effect"
Gibson and WalkVisual cliff
Campos et al.Visual cliff with neonates - heart rate
Gerdhardstein et al.Viewpoint invariance at as young as 3 months.
Slater, Mattock and Brown Preferential looking, cubes - size constancy
Slater and MorrisonShape constancy
Ruff 3.5 months - side to side, 5 months - oscillations and rotations.
Simion et al.2 day new borns show preference for biological PLDs.
YinNon-cannonical movement patterns become non-distinguishable from random dot patterns

Section 2

Question Answer
MooreTemporal difference - localise sounds
Wertheimer Infants move head in direction of sount - ability to localize at the speed of adults by 4 months.
Kuhl et al.Preference for speech, distinguish between speech sounds of any language
Werker and TeesWithin first year, auditory abilities are organized so that you can only percieve phonemes of native language.
Kuhl et al.'magnet effect' - specialized in discriminating between vowel sounds of own language and others.

Section 3

Question Answer
Jahromi, Putnam and SifterCommunicative cues such as crying - parent responds by picking child up
Korner and ThomanChild responds with reduced heart rate and increased attention when held by parent

Section 4

Question Answer
Hughes et al.Contingency of social interaction - depending on type of delay, impairment, exaberating factors and buffering factors.
Thylesford et al.4% of children aged 14 have a form of VI
Bornstein, Arterberry and LambVI is heterogenous on cause, severity and effect on social interaction.
Senju and CsisbraVI can affect acuity, attention, control, tracking and shifting - required for social interaction.
Koncur and ResinkoffReduced response of cues to others and clarity of cues they give themselves.
Fraiberg10 congenitally blind children aged 3, interacting with mothers - restricted repetoire of facial expressions and social smile irregular. Mothers difficulties reading expressions.
Iverson et al.VI gestured less frequently than sighted children
PreislerIndicate with nod of the head, but often not registered/understood by parent.
Bieglow Blindness gives difficulties reading and understanding parent's emotional expressions and how actions/reactions affect other people.
Molloy et al. VI - preterm birth
Cermak and Grozadeprived populations - lack of parenting - multiple systems including perception.
Field et al.Children with depressed parents will display similar characteristics to institutionalized infants.
De gangi Sensory intergration theory
Vohr et al.49% of infants born preterm have a level of deafness/blindness
PackerDisease - multiple systems damage for the infant
Meadow et al.Similarities in the social interaction of hearing mother-hearing child dyads and deaf-mother-deaf child dyads.
Wedell-Manning and LumleyDeaf infants are more passive and less attentive, often withdrawing from social interaction. Parent dominating, intrusive and less responsive.
Copper and SteinCaregivers at risk of depression/psychiatric disorders - life events
Meadow et al.Parents unable to cope, self-fulfilling prophecy
Hicock et al.Broca's and Wernicke's areas are activated by sign language in deaf children.