Pathology Chapter 19- Disease of the Lymphatic System

airbud123's version from 2015-05-03 18:44

Section 1

Question Answer
tonsilitisinflammation of the tonsils caused by an infection
signs of tonsilitistonsils become large red, and often coated by microorganisms
how is tonsilitis spreadcontact with throat or nasal fluids of infected persons
tonsillectomyremoval of tonsils
what can tonsilitis progress asinfection of the respiratory system

Section 2

Question Answer
lymphangitisinflammatory disorder of the lymph vessels, charcterized by local and systemic pain
what is lyphangitis commonly the result frombacterial infection of the skin (cellulitis) or a skin abcess
thormbophlebitiscondition in which blood clots are in the veins of the leg
what does the presence of lymphangitis suggestan infection is progressing and bacteria may have migrated to the bloodstream
characterisitcs of lymphangitisred streaks from infection to axillary space or groin, throbbing pain, fever, anorexia, headache

Section 3

Question Answer
splenomegalyenlargement of the spleen, beyond normal size
spleenorgan involved in the prodcution of rbc's, wbc's, and functions of the lymphatic and immune system
common causes of spleenomegalyviral, parasitic, and bacterial infections, cirrhosis of the liver, inflammation of the gallbladder, cystc fibrosis, anmeia, leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell
splenectomyspleen is removed
when may the spleen ruptureduring mononucleosis and appropriate limitations

Section 4

Question Answer
lymphadenopathyenlargement of the lymph nodes
what causes the size of the lymph nodesproliferation of lymphocytes and lymphocytes within the node
what can lymphandenopathy be a result of local, regional, and systemic infections
why do kids get lymphandepothy alot they have weak immune systems
USA possible causes of lympadenopathymono, cytomegalovirus infections, upper respiratory infections, HIV infection
internationally lypmhadenopathy is result of whattb, typhoid, fungal infections

Section 5

Question Answer
lymphomacancer of the lymphatic system, casuing some of the cells in the lymphatic system to grow abnormally and out of control
two categories of lymphomahodgkins lymphoma and non-hodgkins lymphoma
what is the difference between hodkin lymphoma and non hodgkin lymphomahodgkin lymphoma are present with reed-sternberg cells
reed-sternberg cellsmalignant, nonfunctional form of B lymphocyte
non hodgkins lymphomacollection of many varied lymphomas, which arise in the lymphnodes
postmortem conditionsedema, emaciation, dehydration, metastisis