Pathology Chapter 15- Diseases of Male Reproductive

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Section 1

Question Answer
orchitisacute inflammatory reaction in the testicle, occuring in boys under 10, due to mumps
characteristics of ochritissevere pain in testicle/groin, fatigue, pain and tenderness, fever, nausea, headache
prostatitisinflammation of the prostate gland, and refers to four categories of disease
how much visits does prostatitis causeup to 25% of all causes
acute bacterial prostatitis symptomschills, fever, frequent urination, urge to urinate, burning of urination
chronic prostatitiscommon form of prostatitis that can be difficult to treat
asymptomatic inflmmatory prostatitiscondition in which prostate is inflammed, but with no symptoms, but cells that combat inflmmation found in urine
hydroceleaccumulation of fluid in the scrotum
what causes fluid to accumulate in scrotumirritation of tunica vaginalis or spermatic cord of scrotum
what causes hydrocele in adultscancer, infections, trauma, and hernias

Section 2

Question Answer
cryptochorism/cryptorchidismfailure of the testes to descend from its intra-abdominal location into the scrotum
orchiopexytesticle is sutured into place in the scrotum
when do the testicles drop36 weeks of age
inguinal herniacondition in which part of the intestine bulges through a weakned area of the muscle in the inguinal canal, which is in the groin
what causes an inguinal herniaobesity, heavy lifting, straining
strangulated herniaintestine becomes twisted, or blood supply to the intestine is compromised

Section 3

Question Answer
benign prostatic hyperplasiaabnormal growth of prstate cells, but not cancerous
what occurs during benign prostate growthprostate undergoes abnormal changes and presses against bladder and urethra, interfering with urine flow
how to test for prostate cancerdoctor sticks finger into rectum and feels for lump through rectal wall
symptoms of prostate cancerfrequent urination, difficulty urinating, inhability to urinate, weak flow of urine, painful urination. no boner, painful cumming, blood in urine or semen
gleason systemthe testing of prostate cancer
how does the gleason system work2/10, and G!-G4
stage I (A) of prostate cancertumor cannot be felt during a rectal exam
stage II (B)tumor involves into more tissue within prostate
stage III (C)cancer has spread from prostate to nearby tissue
Stage IV (D)cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other part of body

Section 4

Question Answer
two categories of testicular cancerseminoma and nonseminoma
nonseminoma includeschoriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, yolk sac tumors
what can cause testicular cancerundescended testes, abnormal testical development, klinefelter syndrome
symptoms of testicular cancerpainless lump, enlargement of testicle, feeling of heavy scrtoum, dull ache in lower abdomen
radical inguinal orchiectmysurgery to remove a testicle
post mortem conditionsrapid blood caogulation, ascites, discoloartion, infection, edema
myalgiapain and tenderness in muscles