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Patho- module 1

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perkins6's version from 2016-08-23 18:20

Section

Question Answer
Pathophysiologythe study of the underlying changes in body physiology that result from injury or disease
Homeostasisbodily equilibrium, a person’s well-being
Pathogenesispattern of tissue changes associated with development of cause
Etiology refers to the study of the cause of disease
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Section

Question Answer
Idiopathic diseases that have no identifiable cause
Iatrogenicdiseases that occur as a result of medical treatment
Exacerbatewhen symptoms become worse or more severe
Sequelaare unwanted outcomes of having a disease or are the results from trauma, example: paralysis resulting from a stroke, or severe scaring due to burns
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Question Answer
Clinical Manifestationsare the signs and symptoms or evidence of disease
Epidemiologyis the study of tracking patterns or disease occurrence and transmission among populations and by geographic areas.
Stressa perceived or anticipated threat that disrupts a person’s well-being or homeostasis
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) of stress- involves 3 stages1. the alarm stage
2. the resistant or adaptive stage
3. the exhaustion stage
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Question Answer
Allostasismeaning stability through change
Allostatic overloadis the term used to describe over activation or adaptive regulatory physiologic systems that may lead to clinical pathophysiology and increase susceptibility of disease
Ischemiais a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular respiration
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Question Answer
Neoplastic“new growth” all cancer is neoplastic, these are abnormal growths
Catecholamineshormone that increases heart rate and blood pressure and impairs wound healing. these hormones stimulate two major classes of receptorsa-adrenergic receptors (a1&a2) and B-adrenergic receptors (B1&B2)
Glucocorticoidsa stress hormone, used therapeutically as powerful anti-inflammatory/ immunosuppressive agents. elevated levels lead to obesity and diabetes.
Nutritional Deficiency“malnutrition” when body is not receiving enough nutrients
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Section

Question Answer
Psychogenicdisease caused psychologically rather than physically
Congenitaldisease or abnormality present since birth
Infectiouscan be transmitted through people, organisms, or the environment
Inheriteddiseases can be passed down through genetics
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Section

Question Answer
Immunologicautoimmune diseases, the body’s immune system attacks itself
Metabolicdiseases typically inherited, usually a specific enzyme is not present causing the issue
Degenerativewhen the cells change and change to the point where they break down
Physical AgentInduced- are sources of energy that may cause injury or disease. Examples include noise, vibration, radiation, and extremes in temperature.
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