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Parts of the Brain

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rosavele's version from 2017-02-20 06:51

Section

Question Answer
Responsible for lifesustaining functions such as breathing, swallowing, and heart rateMedulla
The larger swelling above the medulla that connects the top of the brain to the bottom and that plays a part in sleep, dreaming, left–right body coordination, and arousalPons
An area of neurons running through the middle of the medulla and the pons and slightly beyond; responsible for selective attentionReticular formation
Part of the lower brain located behind the pons that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movementCerebellum
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Section 2

Question Answer
A group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivationLimbic system
Two projections just under the front of the brain that receive information from the receptors in the noseOlfactory bulbs
Part of the limbic system located in the center of the brain, this structure relays sensory information from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortexThalamus
Responsible for motivational behavior such as sleep, hunger, thirst, and sexHypothalamus
Responsible for fear responses and the memory of fearAmygdala
Controls the Pituitary GlandMaster endocrine gland
Responsible for the formation of long-term memories and the storage of memory for location of objectsHippocampus
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Section 3

Question Answer
outermost covering of the brain consisting of densely packed neurons; responsible for higher thought processes and interpretation of sensory inputCortex
wrinkling of the cortex which allows a much larger area of cortical cells to exist in the small space inside the skullCorticalization
the two sections of the cortex on the left and right sides of the brainCerebral hemispheres
thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheresCorpus callosum
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