luzuleye's version from 2015-11-28 03:55


Question Answer
abscesses in liver, brain, pericardium, skin, lung, and eyeE. histolytica
invasive dysentery w/ WBCsE. histolytica
contaminated water, no WBCS or blood in stoolGiardia
small intestine / colon infectionGiardia / E. histolytica
trophozoite stage onlyTrichomonas
african sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)Trypanosoma Brucei
high parasitemiaTrypanosoma Brucei
diffuse meningoencephalitis, occipital lymphadenopathy (Winterbottom's sign)Trypanosoma Brucei
extracellular in lymphatics and bloodTrypanosoma Brucei
Chagas disease (latin america)Trypanosoma Cruzi
periorbital edema (romana's sign)Trypanosoma Cruzi
megaesophagus, megacolon, cardiomyopathyTrypanosoma Cruzi
infect all nucleated cells (cardiac, smooth mm.)Trypanosoma Cruzi
in macrophages > RE system > BM > pancytopenialeishmania
mutilating disease of cartilageleishmania
blackwater fever, CEREBRAL malariaP. falciparum
affect only reticsP. vivax / ovale
affect only mature RBCsP. malariae
malaria that doesn't relapseP. falciparum
binds Duffy AgP. vivax
resistance to drug chloroquinone - increased prevalence Plasmodium
granulomatous rxn to deposited eggs - GI, pulmonary fibrosis, CNS, hepatosplenomegaly, portal HTNSchistosoma mansoni/ japonicum
cercarial dermatitis (swimmers itch)Schistosoma
pyelonephritis, renal failure, pulmonary, CNSSchistosoma haematobium
blood flukesSchistosoma
liver flukeClonorchis Sinensis
intestinal flukeFasciolopsis buski
lung fluke (detected in sputum)Paragonimus westermani
megaloblastic anemia (likes Vit B12)Diphyllobothrum latum
largest human tapewormDiphyllobothrum latum
dull colicky abdominal pain from eating undercooked beefTaenia saginata
cysticercosis- CNS seizures, focal deficits, hydrocephalus, ocular diseaseTaenia solium
cystic hydatid disease (liver and lungs), rupture leads to anaphylactic reactionEchinococcus
pinwormEnterobius vermicularis
heavy infxn- protein calorie malnutrition, rectal prolapse, inflamm diarrheaTrichuris trichuria (whipworm)
loeffler's syndrome- transient infiltration of lungsAscaris lumbricoides
eosinophilia in tissue phaseAscaris lumbricoides
ground itch (severe itching)Ancylosoma duodenale / Necator americanus
microcytic anemia, pica, pot bellyAncylosoma duodenale / Necator americanus
pulmonary tract, coughed and swallowedAncylosoma duodenale / Necator americanus
rash and eosinophilia, migratory peneumoniaStrongyloides stercoralis
reinoculation of host / autoinfectionStrongyloides stercoralis
hyperinfection if immunocompromised (steroids)Strongyloides stercoralis
blocks lymphatics- elephantiasisWuchereria bancrofti, Brugia Malayi
calabar swellings (sub-q edema), adult migrates through conjunctiva as wellLoa Loa
river blindnessOnchocerca volvulus
encyst in skeletal mmTrichinella spiralis
hepatomegaly from migration of larvae to visceraToxocara
cutaneous larva migrans- serpinginous line of eruptionAncylostoma braziliense
invades all RBC, alters RBC membrane > increases adherence to endo P. falciparum
cyclic fever chills, hemolytic anemia,retinal hemorrhagePlasmodium

Route of Infection

Question Answer
fecal oralGiardia
fecal oralEntamoeba histolytica
STDTrichomonas vaginalis
Tsetse flyTrypanosoma brucei
reduviid bug (kissing bug)trypanosoma cruzi
snails / freshwater fishClonorchis sinensis
snails / freshwater plantsFasciolopsis buski
snails / crustaceansParagonimus westermani
raw freshwater fishDiphyllobothrum latum
cowTaenia saginata
pig / manTaenia solium
dogs / manEchinococcus
fecal oralEnterobius Vermicularis
fecal oralTrichuris trichuria
fecal oralAscaris lumbricoides
direct penetrationAncylostoma duodenale
direct penetrationNecator americanus
direct penetrationStrongyloides stercoralis
mosquitoWuchereria bancrofti
mosquitoBrugia malayi
horseflyLoa Loa
blackflyOnchocerca volvulus
mammals, pigs (meat)Trichinella spiralis
cat / dog (eating)Toxocara
direct penetrationAncylostoma braziliense
anopheles mosquitoplasmodium