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Parasit Midterm 2 - Spring 2015

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drraythe's version from 2015-08-31 03:53

HOOKWORMS

Question Answer
Not zoonotic 1Bunostomum trigonocephalum (sheep & goats TRI to hurt ppl but dont)
Teeth 1s (not cutting plates)ANCYLOSTOMA CANINUM, ANCYLOSTOMA TUBAEFORME, ANCYLOSTOMA BRAZILIENSE (Brazilian dogs & cats who can play tuba will BITE (teeth) the shit outta you)
memorize

ANCYLOSTOMA CANINUM

Question Answer
What does adult look like?3 pairs of teeth
How can you get A. caninum?Ingestion of larva, skin penetration, transmammary, transplacental, & ingestion of paratenic host
Zoonotic?Yes
Clinical signs?DOGS/cats/bears: Bloody stool, normocytic, normochromic anemia → hypochromic, microcytic anemia, death, stunted growth, dry hair coat, dermatitis, lower PCV & Hb, malnourished appearance. HUMANS: Humans- cutaneous larva migrans/creeping eruption & eosinophilic enteritis
REMEMBERDog w/ 3 teeth can get infected so many ways. No matter what, w/ all those teeth gone it's going to be anemic. Itll make ppls skin crawl
memorize

ANCYLOSTOMA TUBAEFORME

Question Answer
What does the adult look like?3 pairs of teeth
Affects who?Cats (tuba full of cats)
How do you get A. tubaeforme?Ingestion of larva, skin penetration, ingesting paratenic host
Zoonotic?Yes
Clinical signs?CAT= *Bloody stool, lower PCV & Hb, weight loss, normocytic, normochromic anemia → hypochromic, microcytic anemia
HUMANS: Humans- cutaneous larva migrans
REMEMBERTuba full of cats is 3x the fun! The cats will land & bleed till they get anemia though, & that makes my skin crawl
memorize

ANCYLOSTOMA BRAZILIENSE

Question Answer
Affects who?Dogs & cats (both are present in Brazil)
What does the adult look like?2 ventral teeth
How do you get A. braziliense?Ingestion of larva, skin penetration, ingesting paratenic host
Zoonotic?Yes
Clinical signs?DOGS/CATS= Hypoproteinemia, hemorrhagic enteritis & ulcers. HUMANS= CLM
REMEMBERBrazilian cats & dogs are 2 things that can bleed enough to make my skin crawl
memorize

UNCINARIA STENOCEPHALA/NORTHERN HOOKWORM

Question Answer
Affects who?Dogs (think sled dogs in the north, stenotic vessels bc so cold)
Adult looks like?CUTTING PLATES in buccal cavity
How do you get U. stenocephala?Ingestion of larva (more common), skin penetration
(Zoonotic? she didnt actually mention but)Yes
Clinical signs?Dermatitis, Hypoproteinemia, Pneumonia, Lung consolidation
REMEMBERIn the north its so cold it makes my BVs stenotic. Huskies will do just fine though, even if they only survive by eating grubs. Their lungs might get sick from the cold tho
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Bunostomum phlebotomum/ cattle hookworm

Question Answer
Affects?Cattle
Adult looks like?Cutting plates
How do you get B. phlebotomum?Mainly skin penetration
Zoonotic?Yes
Clinical signs?CATTLE= Dermatitis, diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, bottle jaw, emaciation. HUMANS= CLM
REMEMBERPhlebotomy on a cow is easy w/ suck big veins! You can collect all the blood in a BOTTLE
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Bunostomum trigonocephalum

Question Answer
Affects?Sheep’s & goats
Adults looks like?Cutting plates
Transmitted?Ingestion of larvae
Zoonotic?NO
REMEMBERSheep & goats TRI to hurt ppl, but dont (not zoonotic)
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