Paper 3

nifasari's version from 2017-05-10 03:16

Independence movements (1763–1830)

Question Answer
American RevolutionNo taxation without representation.
Britain's goal for colonistspay off debt from French and Indian War
Proclamation Line (1763)colonists settled west must remove themselves
Britainbecame the major colonial power in North America.
King of BritainKing George III
George GrenvilleSeries of acts passed to collect revenue from colonies.
ActsSugar, Stamp, Townshend
Townshend ActGlass, lead, paint, paper, tea.
Repealed ActStamp
Boston Massacre5 colonists killed after Townshend Duties passed.
Boston Tea Party (1773)after the Tea Act was passed, $70,000 of tea spilled into the Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Actspassed after the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Harborclosed until the city paid for the tea.
Quartering Actcolonists forced to house British soldiers.
Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775)Starts American Revolution.

Nation-building and challenges (c1780–c1870)

Question Answer
Articles of Confederation (1781-1785)First government.
Articles of Confederation failurestoo much power given to the colonies
government was unable to maintain law and order
inflation was not regulated.
Two debates over Constitutioncitizenship for slaves, balance between state and federal power.
Great CompromiseBicameral legislature.
Two house systemSenate and House of Representatives.
⅗ CompromiseSlaves counted as ⅗ a person.
Checks and balancesCreated with three branches (Judicial, Executive, Legislative).
Federalistssupporters of the Constitution.
Anti-Federalistsagainst the Constitution (too much power to central gov’t)
Federalist Paperswritten by John Jay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton.

United States’ Civil War: Causes, course and effects (1840–1877)

Question Answer
North economymanufacturing.
South economycotton (needed slavery).
Missouri Compromise (1820)goal is to keep ratio of admitted states even.
Missouri added for South, Maine for North.
Compromise of 1850Admitted California as a free state, popular sovereignty, fugitive slave act strengthened.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)proposed by Stephen Douglas, passed once popular sovereignty agreed upon.
Nullified Missouri Compromise.
Harper’s FerryAbolitionist John Brown led armed slave uprising in attempt to destroy slavery by force, failed, captured.
Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)Scott can't sue, because he's property.
Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
LincolnDid not want to abolish slavery, nor extend it.
DouglasPopular sovereignty.
Union advantagespopulation size, funding, more advanced industry.
South advantagesfighting at home (defense), stronger military morale.
Thirteenth Amendmentabolished slavery.
Fourteenth Amendmentestablished citizenship for everyone born in the United States.
Fifteenth Amendmentall citizens have the right to vote.

The development of modern nations (1865–1929)

Question Answer
After Amendments passAfrican Americans gain freedom, but not equality in the South.
African Americans strugglepoverty, illiteracy and unemployment.
Voting restrictionsPoll taxes, literacy tests and KKK.
Jim Crow lawssegregated public accommodations.
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)allowed the Jim Crow laws, as they were “separate, but equal.”
Homestead Act (1862)offered 160 acres to anyone who settled or improved Western land.
Transcontinental Railroadenabled citizens to go coast-to-coast in less than one week.
Standard OilRockefeller
Carnegie SteelCarnegie
“Survival of the fittest”(Social Darwinism).
Knights of Labor (1869)labor union.
Theodore Roosevelttrustbuster.
Ida TarbellHistory of Standard Oil (1904)
Upton SinclairThe Jungle (1906); exposed unsanitary meat packing plants.
The JungleLed to the Meat Inspection and Pure Food and Drug Acts.

The Second World War and the Americas (1933–1945)

Question Answer
United States ended isolationismafter the Pearl Harbor attacks.
Pearl Harbor attacks (December 7, 1941)United States entered World War II a day later.
Great DepressionEnded due to the war.
Rosie the Riveterpropaganda.
TYPTehran Yalta Potsdam
Tehran Conference (1943)Planned the 1944 assault on France.
United Nations.
Yalta Conference (1945)Discussion about reparations to Stalin were postponed.
Potsdam Conference (1945)Germany split into four occupation zones.
Tension between United States and Soviet Union.
Manhattan Project (1941-1945)Truman warns Japan to surrender immediately or face “prompt and utter destruction.”
Bombs dropped inHiroshima and Nagasaki.

The Cold War and the Americas (1945–1981)

Question Answer
Iron Curtain speech (1946)given by Churchill, with Truman in attendance.
Arms raceFirst atomic bomb (Soviet Union; 1949).
First hydrogen bomb (United States; 1952).
Truman DoctrineUnited States as global policemen.
Marshall Plansent money and aid to European countries to eliminate vulnerable countries to the communist cause.
Domino theoryif Vietnam was communist, all of Asia would soon follow.
Space raceSoviet Union launches Sputnik in 1957, NASA created in 1958.

Civil rights and social movements in the Americas post-1945

Question Answer
Plessy vs. FergusonSeparate but equal (1896).
Brown vs. Board of EdOverturned Plessy vs. Ferguson; no more segregation in schools (1954).
Montgomery Bus BoycottRosa Parks refused to get up from her seat (1955); no African Americans boarded buses.
Little Rock, ArkansasDelayed integration. The Lost Year (1958-1959).
Freedom RidesPut government pressure to allow African Americans to use transportation (1961).
Freedom SummerVoting registration; white people joined African Americans (1964).
Killed During Freedom SummerGoodman, Cheney, Schwerner murdered.
Voting Rights Act1965

Political developments in the United States (1945–1980) and Canada (1945–1982)

The Americas (1980–2005)