Paper 2

boxujapo's version from 2017-05-09 04:09


Question Answer
Rise to PowerPicked over Trotsky, despite Lenin's testament.
PolitburoSplit after Stalin chosen. Opposition removed. Stalin puts his men in Politburo to control everyone else.
Collectivization reasonsModernize, industrialize USSR.
Collectivization successGive government grain control, kulaks eliminated.
Collectivization failuresProduction decreased, government took too much grain, famine.
Five Year PlansUsed to catch up to Western powers (successful); workers worked hard.
Workers who did not reach quotaAccused of sabotage, sent to gulags and expelled to labor camps.
Great PurgeStarted after Kirov got more applause than Stalin.
Cult of personalityStalin erased names of enemies.


Question Answer
China’s Main FailuresFailed to modernize, due to isolation and imperialism.
GMD (Nationalists)Chiang Kai-shek; had support of United States.
CCP (Communist Chinese Party)Mao Zedong eventually leader; smaller group of two.
Long MarchGMD attacks CCP, but CCP is not destroyed and CCP message spreads.
JapanTook over China.
People who saved ChinaCCP
Corrupt party of ChinaGMD
Chinese Civil War1946-1949; CCP wins over GMD.
CCP wins becausePopular support, motivation, guerilla warfare.
GMD loses becauseCorruption, lost popular support, overextended army by trying to control too much territory.
Agrarian Reform Law (1950)Addressed peasant problems.
Marriage Reform Law (1950)Men and women equal.
First Five Year Plan (1952-1956)Increasing production of coal, oil, steel, etc. until Soviet backs out of aid.
Antis-MovementTargeted corrupt government.
Hundred Flowers CampaignEncouraged intellectuals to critique the government, but killed those who did so.
Great Leap ForwardPost-Five-Year Plan; led to famine; government took too much grain.
Great Leap Forward propagandaWeather.
Cultural Revolution1966-1976
Purge of CPC
Red GuardSchools closed, so Red Guard can attack rightists and 4 Olds (ideas, culture, customs, habits).
Lost Generation16 million red guard work countryside, feeling betrayed by Mao and CCP.
Increase of illiteracy.


Question Answer
Platt AmendmentAllowed United States to intervene in Cuba.
EconomyMonoculture (relied on sugar).
United StatesControlled most of Cuba, including imports and exports.
Cuban PresidentsCorrupt and puppets of the United States.
Lifestyle Before CastroIlliteracy, crime, prostitution, unemployment and drug use increased.
Batista Takes Over1952; corrupt and rigged elections.
Fidel CastroLawyer that wanted to take down Batista.
Moncada AssaultUnsuccessful coup attack by Castro (1953).
26th of July MovementGave Castro a platform and group.
Granma ExpeditionNearly killed Castro after he was released from jail (12 of 82 survive).
Batista FledJanuary 1, 1959
Castro and Soviet UnionSigns trade agreement with them.
United States stops importing Cuban goods.
Bay of Pigs (April 1961)John F. Kennedy invaded Cuba, badly planned and executed; easily destroyed by Castro.
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)Soviet Union supplied missiles to Cuba, who directed them at the United States.
United States to leave Cuba alone.
ReformAgrarian Land Reform, education(!), housing, health, medical facilities, women's rights.
Economic CrisisAfter country was unable to diversify industries and unemployment rose.
Revolution Offensive (1968)Took businesses away from the people.
Year of the Ten Million (1970)Goal to break the sugar output, but failed miserably to the point Castro volunteered resignation.


Question Answer
TYPTehran Yalta Potsdam
Tehran Conference (1943)Planned the 1944 assault on France.
United Nations.
Yalta Conference (1945)Discussion about reparations to Stalin were postponed.
Potsdam Conference (1945)Germany split into four occupation zones.
Tension between United States and Soviet Union.
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949).
Vietnam LeaderDiem, until he dies. This is when United States takes South Vietnam.
VietcongNorth Vietnam attacking South Vietnam.
Guerilla warfareResponsible for South Vietnam winning.
Tet OffensiveNorth Vietnam takes back South Vietnam land.
Détente EndsAfghanistan (1979).


Question Answer
Plessy vs. FergusonSeparate but equal (1896).
Brown vs. Board of EdOverturned Plessy vs. Ferguson; no more segregation in schools (1954).
Montgomery Bus BoycottRosa Parks refused to get up from her seat (1955); no African Americans boarded buses.
Little Rock, ArkansasDelayed integration. The Lost Year (1958-1959).
Freedom RidesPut government pressure to allow African Americans to use transportation (1961).
Freedom SummerVoting registration; white people joined African Americans (1964).
Killed During Freedom SummerGoodman, Cheney, Schwerner murdered.
Voting Rights Act1965