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Pali

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Updated 2008-10-22 15:35

Pali Vocabulary

Vocabulary from An Elementary Pali Course.

lesson 1

PaliEnglish
BuddhaThe enlightened one
daarakachild
dhammadoctrine, truth, law
gaamavillage
gha.tapot, jar
janakafather
odanarice
puttason
suudacook
yaacakabeggar
dhaavati (dhaava)runs
dhovati (dhova)washes
vadati (vada)speaks, declares
vandati (vanda)salutes
rakkhati (rakkha)protects
memorize

lesson 2

PaliEnglish
aadaraesteem, care, affection
aahaarafood
da.n.dastick
daasaslave, servant
gilaanasick person
hatthahand
osadhamedicine
rathacart, chariot
sama.naholy man, ascetic
sunakhadog
vejjadoctor, physician
deseti (disa)preaches
deti (daa)gives
harati (hara)carries
aaharati (aahara)brings
niiharati (niihara)removes
paharati (pahara)strikes
gacchati (gamu)goes
aagacchati (aagamu)comes
labhati (labha)guest, receives
peseti (pesa)sends
memorize

lesson 3

PaliEnglish
aacariyateacher
ambamango
aapa.nashop, market
aaraamatemple, garden, park
assahorse
maatulauncle
ovaadaadvice, exhortation
pabbatarock, mountain
pa.nnaakaarareward, gift
rukkhatree
sissapupil
ta.laakapond, pool, lake
ga.nhaati (gaha)takes, receives, seizes
sa.nga.nhaati (sa.ngaha)treats, compiles
ugga.nhaati (uggaha)learns
ki.naati (ki)buys
vikki.naati (vikki)sells
nikkhamati (nikkhama)departs, goes away
pahati (pata)falls
ruhati (ruha)grows
aaruhati (aaruha)ascends, climbs
oruhati (avaruha)descends
sunaati (su)hears
memorize

lesson 4

PaliEnglish
aakaasasky
man~acabed
candamoon
saku.nabird
kassakafarmer
samuddasea, ocean
macchafish
suriyasun
maggaway, road
vaa.nijamerchant
maggikatraveller
lokaworld, mankind
kii.lati (kii.la)plays
uppajjati (uppada)is born
passati (disa)sees
vasati (vasa)dwells
supati (supa)sleeps
vicarati (vicara)wanders, goes about
memorize

lesson 4, indeclinables

PaliEnglish
ajjatoday
aamayes
apialso, too
caalso, and
idaaninow
idhahere
kadaawhen
kasmaawhy
kuhi.mwhere
kutowhence
nano, not
punaagain
sabbadaaevery day
sadaaalways
saddhi.mwith
memorize

lesson 5, cases (masculine, ending in 'a')

CaseSingularPlural
Nom.oaa
Voc.--, aaaa
Acc.m.e
Auxenaebhi, ehi
Instr.enaebhi, ehi
Dat.aaya, ssanam.
Abl.aa, mhaa, smaaebhi, ehi
Gen.ssanam.
Loc.e, mhi, smim.esu
memorize

lesson 5, cases (neuter, ending in 'a')

CaseSingularPlural
Nom.m.aa, ni
Voc.--, aaaa, ni
Acc.m.e, ni
Auxenaebhi, ehi
Instr.enaebhi, ehi
Dat.aaya, ssanam.
Abl.aa, mhaa, smaaebhi, ehi
Gen.ssanam.
Loc.e, mhi, smim.esu
memorize

lesson 5, case names

PaliEnglish
path.amaanominative
aalapanavocative
dutiyaaaccusative
tatiyaaauxiliary
karan.ainstrumental
catutthidative
pan~camiiablative
chatth.igenitive
sattamiilocative
memorize

lesson 5, neuter nouns ending in 'a', and verbs

PaliEnglish
biijaseed, germ
bhan.dagoods, article
gharahome, house
khettafield
lekhanaletter
mitta(m. n.) friend
mukhaface, mouth
nagaracity
paada(m. n.) foot
piith.achair, bench
potthakabook
pupphaflower
udakawater
vatthacloth, raiment
bhun~jati (bhuja)eats, partakes
khaadati (khaada)eats, chews
likhati (likha)writes
nisiidati (ni + sada)sits
puujeti (puuja)offers
vapati (vapa)sows
memorize