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Paediatric Neurology - Medical tests

ness37's version from 2018-04-29 14:23


Question Answer
EEG Records brain activity and is useful when seizures are suspected, the pattern of electrical activity is useful for diagnosing a number of conditions that affect the brain. Shows Neurologists which sections of the brain is not working = treatment
Genetics testingUsed to find out whether a person is carrying a specific altered gene that causes a particular medical condition. Test blood from parent/s, the amniotic fluid or cells developing in the placenta - diagnosis, work out chances of child developing condition, determine whether a parent is a carrier of a certain genetic mutation
Ultrasound scanningCan be used on very tiny babies to view the structures of the brain, can pick up haemorrhages or infarction in the brain = gives medical staff more information about child's brain development
MRIUsed to detect a variety of conditions, problems with the brain, spinal cord, skeleton, chest, lungs etc + infections and inflammatory conditions. Provides a clearer image than X-ray, CAT or ultrasound.
CAT Like X-rays, it helps to diagnose a wide range of conditions due to injury or illness. Babies and infants need to be sedated to prevent movement during MRI and CAT scans = only happen if absolutely necessary.
Lumbar punctureCommon medical procedure for taking a sample of CSF (delivers nutrients and cushions the brain and spinal cord) from lower spine which is done to test for meningitis, bleeding on the brain and conditions such as Guillian-Barre syndrome.