PA&H week 10

winniesmith2's version from 2017-12-07 17:10

Section 1

Question Answer
Intervention development pathwayan idea - pilot study - efficacy study - effectiveness studies -an idea - pilot study - efficacy study - effectiveness studies
Research domain an idea - pilot study - efficacy study - effectiveness studies
Evaluation Demonstation - dissemination - scaling up
*Intervention development: challenges 9-17 years on average for research to be translated into practice !!!! • Scaling up and rolling out • Intervention development in practice – Not evidence-based – Often don’t use theory – Lack clear aims and objectives – Poorly evaluated.
differences between practitioner and researcherpg 5
*What is evaluation.… ?• …is the systematic collection of information about a programme, or some aspect of a programme, in order to make necessary decisions about the programme. • …judges the value of an activity or programme and assesses whether or not it has achieved what it set out to do.
Why evaluate?• Help demonstrate accountability • Identify best practice • Assist in planning • Contribute to research Evaluation is a tool that can both measure and contribute to the success of a programme.
stakeholders; who is the evalutation for page 7
Simplified framework for programme evaluationprogramme planning --> programme implementation -----> Programme outcomes
Programme planning Formative evaluation. Helps develop the programme
Programme implementation Process evaluation. Measure who does what and when
Programme outcomes Outcome evaluation. Long term or goal
Programme implementation --,--> programme outcomes Impact evaluation. Short term or intermediate
*Formative Evaluation• The first step in designing and developing an effective intervention • Background work undertaken to help prepare for programme planning and delivery • Understanding the needs of the target audience – needs assessment • Designing, developing and testing intervention methods and materials
*Process evaluation • Describes and explains what happens once a programme is underway “provides an assessment of how a programme is implemented, what intervention activities are provided, under what conditions, by whom, to what audience and with what level of effort” (Flay, 1986). - cost - context
*Process Evaluation; dose delivered - How is the programme being delivered or implemented? - Who is doing what? when? to whom? - How much time is being spent?
*Process evaluation; Fidelity/Adaptation – Are the programme activities being implemented as planned?
*Process evaluation; Recruitment/reach – Is the programme reaching the target group? (awareness) – Who is participating in the programme? (participation)
*Process evaluation; Participant satisfaction – Are participants satisfied with the programme? – Are the materials and components developed for the activity of good quality?
*Impact evaluation– The immediate effect that health promotion programmes have on people, stakeholders and settings to influence determinants of health • Changes in knowledge, skills, attitudes and motivation
*Outcome evaluation – Assessing the endpoint of a programme • Changes in behaviour e.g. an increase in physical activity • Changes in morbidity or mortality rates or quality of life

Section 2

Question Answer
project development cycle pg 13. practitioners find evaluation hard, difficult to clarify objectives and outcomes.
PA SEF (standard evaluation framework)1. How to identify appropriate physical activity outcomes for evaluating different types of intervention. 2. How to define suitable measures for different types of physical activity outcome. 3. How to approach the challenges of assessing and measuring physical activity and energy expenditure.
MRC Framework for evaluating complex interventions pg 14
RE-AIM framework • Reach • Effectiveness • Adoption • Implementation • Maintenance
Well@Work: promoting active and healthy workplaces• 2 year workplace health promotion project • 9 regional projects across England – 32 workplaces – 10,000 employees • Physical activity and other lifestyle behaviours
Aims of Well@Work Evaluation• Assess changes in key health-related, environment-related and business–related indicators • Learn about the process of implementing workplace health programmes • Develop the evidence base for what works in health promotion in the workplace in England