PA&H lecture 1

winniesmith2's version from 2017-12-10 14:05

Section 1

Question Answer
What is physical activity Any bodily movement produced by the skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase in energy expenditure above resting.
What does FITT stand forFrequency Intensity Time Type
Domains/Types of sport Occupational, Recreational, Transportation (walking/cycling), Domestic
Describe recreational sport Organised sports, Health & Fitness clubs, walking/cycling for recreation
Describe transportation walking/cycling, commuting to work/school, from place to place
Describe domestic housework, gardening, DIY
Physical inactivity is the what leading cause for global mortality 4th
physical inactivity causes how many estimated deaths a year3.2 million globally (mostly in low to middle income countries)
Sedentary behaviour definitionAny waking behaviour characterised by an energy expenditure <1.5 METs while in a sitting, reclining or lying posture.

Section 2

Question Answer
What are the health benefits of physical activity; All cause mortality 30% reduction
Cardiovascular disease35% reduction
Type 2 diabetes40% reduction
Colon cancer20% reduction
Breast cancer20% reduction
Depression 30% reduction
Hip fractures 68% reduction
Dementia30% reduction

Section 3

Question Answer
socio-ecological modelindividual, within social, within built environment, within policy
'individual' interventionseducation programmes, motivational incentives, goal setting, self monitoring
'social' interventionsgroup support, family involvement
'environment' interventionscycle/foot paths, green gyms, stand up desks
'policy' interventionsschool PE curriculum, fitness tax credit, flexible working

Section 4

Question Answer
how many adults are inactive worldwide31.1% (third) of people
how much does the global pandemic of physical inactivity cost worldwidean estimated worldwide cost of $67.5 (£54) billion
why are the physical activity levels described as a 'pandemic'due to far-reaching health, economic, environmental and social consequences.
What is the global action plan for PA in response to the Bangkok declarationWHO director requested to develop a global action plan (early 2017) . first draft issued august 2017. Made from a global group of experts, highlights benefits of PA not just in health but also in other areas such as transport. Aim= one hundred million more people active by 2030.
What are the 4 key areas for action in the global action plancreating; an active society, active environments, active lives and active systems.
physical inactivity levels in england (health survey for england)no change in inactivity levels
According to news papers6 million people in UK do no exercise. Encourage to walk faster
England policiesstrong. all encouraging different strategies from different sectors.
what does NICE stand forNational institute for health and care excellence. provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care.

Section 5

Question Answer
why do we need guidelinesA) encourage increased participation in PA t o improve health/prevent disease. To communicate to the public. B) essential element of effective national policy. Development can bring together all relevant stakeholders and actors. Helps to bring PA onto the public agenda and raise its profile. Benchmark for implementation of a national policy and related programmes and projects. monitoring and surveillance
first CDC/ACSM guidelines 1995 (adults)Every adult should accumulate 30mins or more of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, preferable all, days of the week.
USA 2008 guidelinesupdates, looking at different groups (including guidelines for children and adolescents, older adults, pregnancy, disability etc)
UK 2011 guidelinesreview of evidence and updated, increase in activity recommendation too 150mins or vigorous 75 and muscle strengthening for adults, and first to introduce guidelines for younger children from 5 years and briefly about decreasing SB
WHO 2010 world health guidelines. Children at least 60 mins of activity. Guidelines for both young and old
How many European countries have no guidelines16. (37 in total)
Canada were the first toorelease 24-hour movemental behaviour guidelines for children and youth