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Oxygen Delivery Systems

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gotcelloskills's version from 2016-10-25 03:05

Summary

This page helps you learn the different methods of oxygen delivery.

FiO2 Delivered

Question Answer
Nasal Cannula1-6 L/min: 24%-44%
Simple Face Mask6-12 L/min: 35%-50%
Partial and nonrebreather masks10-15L: 60%-90%
Oxygen-conserving cannula8 L/min: up to 30%-50%
Venturi Mask24%-50%
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Advantages

Question Answer
Nasal CannulaEffective for low concentrations, doesn't impede eating or talking, inexpensive, disposable, easily tolerated
Simple Face MaskUseful for short periods such as patient transportation
Partial and nonrebreather masksUseful for short periods, delivers increased FiO2, EASILY HUMIDIFIES
Oxygen-conserving cannulaIndicated for long-term O2 use in the home, allows increased O2 concentration and lower flow
Venturi MaskProvides specific amount of oxygen with humidity, administers low and constant O2
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Disadvantages

Question Answer
Nasal CannulaDrying mucous membranes, can dislodge easily, skin breakdown, PATIENT'S BREATHING PATTERN AFFECTS FIO2
Simple Face MaskContraindicated for patients who retain CO2, claustrophobia, can't eat or drink, aspiration risk
Partial and nonrebreather masksHot and confining, may irritate skin, interferes with eating and talking, bag can kink
Oxygen-conserving cannulaCannula cannot be cleaned, more expensive
Venturi MaskMask and humidity may irritate skin, can't eat or drink, specific flow rate must be followed
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