OTPF Table 5-Context and Environment

anskorczewski12's version from 2016-10-05 02:47

Context and Environment Table

Question Answer
person delivering thanksgiving meals to homebound individualscultural context
employees marking the end of the work week with casual dress on fridaycultural context
people engaging in an afternoon siesta or high teacultural context
25 year old unemployed man with a high school diplomapersonal context
volunteers working in a homeless sheltherpersonal context
older drivers learning about community mobility optionspersonal context
a person retired from work for 10 yearstemporal context
a community organization's annual fundraising campaigntemporal context
people celebrating independence day on July 4thtemporal context
friends who text each othervirtual context
members who participate in a video conferencevirtual context
virtual community of gamersvirtual context
individual's house or apartmentphysical environment
transportation systempopulation's physical environment
examples of social environmentsfriends, colleagues, OT students in a class get-together, people influenced by a city government

Quiz Questions

Question Answer
neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related function including oculomotor functioncontrol of voluntary movement
neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related function including spasticitymuscle tone
neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related function including sustaining muscle contractionmuscle endurance
neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related function including eye-hand coordinationcontrol of voluntary movement
motivation is considered in which two categories of global mental functionsenergy and drive and temperament and personality
what are the 3 main categories of client factors1.values, beliefs, spirituality 2.body functions 3.body structures
9 basic sensestaste, sight, smell, sound, touch, vestibular, proprioceptive, pain, and temperature/pressure sensitivity
what is perceptionability to discriminate sensations
is emotion global or specific mental functionspecific
what are the specific mental functionshigher-level cognitive, attention, memory, perception, thought, mental functions of sequencing complex movement, emotional, experience of self and time
what are the global mental functionsconsciousness, orientation, temperament and personality, energy and drive, sleep
how are motor skills observed in a personhow the person interacts with and moves task objects and self around the task environment
how are process skills observed in a the person selects, interacts with, and uses task tools and materials the person modifies performance when problems are encountered the person carries out individual actions and steps
process skill of starting or beginning the next action or step without hesitationinitiates
how are social interaction skills observed in a personwhen the person engages in a social exchange
what is moral treatmentearliest use of occupation in therapy, treatment for people with mental illness based on humanism, encouraged respect and routines of daily living (1800s/Pinel)
what is arts and crafts movement(early 1800s-Ruskin) promoted benefit of occupation in US; during industrialization, this was the "do-it-yourself" mentality, bringing back human dignity/QOL/meaningful occupations
1920's/Meyerpresented first organized model of OT
When was OT officially founded1917 (Eleanor Clarke Slagle played major role-trained OTs)
what did WWI do for OT(1920s) with the many physical disabilites, OT spread from just mental illness to this (increased population served) and caused Post-War Boom
What was the Post-War Boom(1920s) after WWi, economy thriving (increase in amount of hospitals and OTs), OT growing; also see Federal Industrial Rehabilitation Act of 1923 (requires hospitals to employ OTs)
What did Great Depression do to OT(1929) halts expansion of OT (budget decrease, closes OT schools and clinics)
What did WWII do for OT(1940s) OT didn't have the funds, but the vets asked government and created funding (moving into rehabilitation movement)
What was Rehabilitation Movement(1940s-1960s) based on realizing that with proper care, people with disabilities can be independent, OT started growing with the medical model (including adaptive equipment)--leads to major specialization
What happened in 1970s and 80s for OTidentity crisis from extreme specialization (medical care became expensive with deinstitutionalization and shift to community model)--solved by publishing a uniform terminology and more holistic and client-centered focus
overarching statement describing OT's domain is...achieving health, well-being, and participation in life through engagement in occupation (includes both domain and process)
what is the domainoutlines the profession's scope and the areas in which its members have an established body of knowledge and expertise
processthe actions practitioners take when providing services that are client centered and focused on engagement in occupations
OTPF definition of healthstate of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
OTPF definition of well-beingencompasses the total universe of human life domains, including physical, mental, and social aspects
OTPF definition of participationinvolvement in life situation; naturally occurs when clients are actively involved in carrying out occupations
therapeutic use of selfallows OTs to develop and manage their therapeutic relationship with clients by using narrative and clinical reasoning; empathy, and a client-centered collaborative approach to service delivery


Question Answer
What is the process of OT1.evaluation (occupational profile and analysis of occupational performance) 2.intervention planning 3.implementation 4.intervention review 5.outcomes
what is an occupational profilesummary of info that describes client's occupation history and experiences, patterns of daily living, interests, values, and needs
what is intervention planningset measurable goals and select intervention approach
what is intervention reviewcontinuous process of reevaluating and reviewing intervention plan, effectiveness and progress toward outcomes
when does achievement occurwhen client's health participation in life (through occupations) is achieved

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