Other addictions

tiffanyrober's version from 2016-12-16 08:15

Section 1

Question Answer
what is body imageDoes not refer to what you actually look like
Refers to an individual’s personal relationship with his or her body
The relationship is formed around beliefs, perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and actions that are associated with physical appearance
Affected by strong sociocultural factors, including peer and media
The perception of one’s body size and shape is considered difficult, if not impossible, to change

Section 2

Question Answer
what is chronic binge eatingCharacterized by uncontrollable consumption of food without any inappropriate compensatory behaviors
Mostly effects women ages 46-55
Individuals are distressed about their behaviors
Binge-eating episodes include eating much more rapidly than normal
Eating until uncomfortably full
eating large amount when not physically hungry
eating along because of embarrassment or shame
feelings of guilt, depression, and/or disgust after overeating
can be triggered by feelings of anger, sadness, boredom, or anxiety
depression often co-occurs

Section 3

Question Answer
what is bulimia nervosaCharacterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating and practice recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors in order to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxative, diuretics, enemas, fasting, or excessive exercise
Often compensatory behaviors occur in secrecy
It is not uncommon for someone with bulimia to weigh within the normal range for their age and height
Individuals report feelings of disgust and shame when they binge, yet relieved once they purge
“All or nothing” thought process
Generally follows a period of anorexia
Various schools of thought behind behavior. Perfectionism, lowered impulse control, need for immediate gratification, lowered sense of self-worth

Section 4

Question Answer
what is anorexia nervosaPersistent and severe mental illness with the highest mortality rate among all psychiatric disorders
Characterized by intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, food restriction and weight loss, body image distortions, amenorrhea, and disturbances in which one’s body weight is experienced
Pursuing a thin body becomes an isolated area of control that the individual feels ineffective
Two types: restrictive anorexia and bulimic anorexia
There is not a loss of appetite
Preoccupation with food and eating
course and outcomes vary across individuals

Section 5

Question Answer
4 components of internet addictionExcessive use associated with loss of sense of time or neglect of basic drives
Withdrawal that leads to feelings of anger, tension, and/or depression when access is denied
Tolerance that lends itself to increased purchasing or using
Negative social consequences

Section 6

Question Answer
4 styles of workaholismBulimic Workaholic Style
Relentless Workaholic Style
Attention-Deficit Workaholic Style
Savoring Workaholic Style

Section 7

Question Answer
Bulimic Workaholic StyleReflects a perfectionistic orientation toward work. Often cycle through procrastination, work binges, and exhaustion. Hard for this person to get started on work, but as deadline approaches they can work excessively

Section 8

Question Answer
Relentless Workaholic StyleThese individuals start early and complete projects long before deadlines without much input from coworkers

Section 9

Question Answer
Attention-Deficit Workaholic StyleUse the adrenaline of overwhelming work pressure as a focusing device. By living on the brink of chaos and destruction, this person uses this style to get high from the rush of new ideas. Typically have a large amount of unfinished projects

Section 10

Question Answer
Savoring Workaholic StyleThese individuals more slowly, methodically, and in a reliable manner. Projects are enjoyed and valued as they are completed. Ending a project is difficult for this individual and other work is often created to soften the ending of the project

Section 11

Question Answer
When to assess for other addiction

Section 12

Question Answer
What is a co-occuring disorders persons who have one or more substance abuse related disorders and one or more mental disorders