OSU HA201 Final

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Ch. 7: Late Roman Art 193-337 CE

Question Answer
Portraits of the 4 Tetrarchs from Constantinople ca. 305. Porphyry. St. Marks’s, Venice.
Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy. Marble. 312-315.

Ch. 8: Late Antiquity (Early Christian Art) 306-337, 337-526

Question Answer
The Good Shepherd, the Story of Jonah and orants. Ceiling fresco of a cubiculum in the Catacomb of Sts. Peter & Marcellinus, Rome, Italy, early 4th Century.
Old Saint Peter’s, Rome, Italy, begun ca. 319. brick, timber roof, marble.
Christ as the Good Shepherd, tesserae mosaic from the entrance wall of the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy. ca. 425.

Ch. 9: Byzantine Art (Early Byzantine) 527-726

Question Answer
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Hagia Sophia, Constantinople,Turkey 523-537 mortared brick, marble.
Justinian, Bishop Maximianus, and attendants. tessera mosaic on the north wall of the apse, San Vitale, Ravenna. ca. 547
Theodora and attendants, tessera mosaic on the south wall of the apse, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 547
Icon of Virgin & Child from Monastery of St. Catherine, Mt. Sinai, Egypt, 6th/ea 7th Century encausticpenis

Ch. 11: Early Medieval Art (Anglo-Saxon, Hiberno-Saxon, Carolingian, Ottonian). 5th-10th (Anglo-Saxon, Hiberno-Saxon), 768-877 (Carolingian), 919-1024 (Ottonian)

Question Answer
Purse cover, from the Sutton Hoo ship burial in Suffolk, England ca. 625. Gold, glass, and cloisonné garnets.
Chi-rho-itoa (XPI) page, folio 34 recto of the Book of Kells, probably from Iona, Scotland late 8th or early 9th century. Tempera on vellum.
Saint Matthew, folio 15 recto of the Coronation Gospels (Gospel Book of Charlemagne), from Aachen, Germany ca. 800-810. Ink and tempera on vellum.
Restored plan and interior of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany 792-805 mortared brick, marble.
Schematic Plan for a monastery at St. Gall, Switzerland. Red ink on parchment. ca. 819.
Bronze doors with relief panels (Genesis, left door; life of Christ, right door) by Bishop Bernward for St. Michael’s, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015.

Ch. 12: Romanesque Art (1050-1200)

Question Answer
View, plan, and interior. Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France. ca. 1070-1120. limestone.
Lions and Old Testament prophet (Jeremiah or Isaiah?). trumeau of the south portal of Saint-Pierre, Moissac, France ca. 1115-1130. marble.
Gislebertus. Last Judgement, West tympanum of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France. ca. 1120-1135. marble.
Head Reliquary of Saint Alexander from Stavelot Abbey, Belgium, 1145. silver repoussé, gilt bronze gems, pearls, and enamel
Funeral Procession to Westminster Abbey and Battle of Hastings. Details of the Bayeux Tapestry Bayeux Cathedral, Bayeux, France ca. 1070-1080. Embroidered wool on linen.

Ch. 13: Gothic Art (Early: 1140-1194 High: 1194-1300 Late: 1300-1500)

Question Answer
Plan of East end and view of ambulatory and radiating chapels. Saint-Denis, France 1140-1144. limestone, stained glass.
Royal Portal, west façade Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France. ca. 1145-1155, limestone.
Virgin and Child stained glass from Chartres Cathedral ca. 1170.
View, plan, and interior, Chartres Cathedral, as rebuilt after 1194. limestone, stained glass.
Rose Window and lancets, stained glass. Chartres ca. 1220.
South transept jamb statues, Chartres Cathedral ca. 1220-1230.
Interior of the upper chapel, Sainte-Chapelle, Paris, France, 1243-1248. limestone, stained glass
Abraham & 3 Angels, folio 7 verso of the Psalter of St. Louis from Paris, France. 1253-1270. Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum

Ch. 14: 14th century Italian Art

Question Answer
Giotto, Madonna Enthroned from the Church of the Ognisante. Florence, Italy. ca. 1310. Tempera and Gold Leaf on Wood.
Giotto, Lamentation, Arena Chapel (Capella Scrovegni) fresco, Padua, Italy, ca. 1305 .

Key Terms

Question Answer
altarpiecea panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
catacombssubterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
Christogramthe three initial letters (chi-rho-iota) of Christ's name in Greek, which came to serve as a monogram for Christ
cloistermonastery courtyard, usually with covered walks or ambulatories along its sides
codexseparate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side; the predecessor of the modern book.
rib vaulta vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
folioa page of a manuscript or book
orantin Early Christian art, a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer
Gospelsthe four New Testament books that relate the life and teachings of Jesus
encaustica painting technique in which pigment is mixed with melted wax and applied to the surface while the mixture is hot
carpet pagein early medieval manuscripts, a decorative page resembling a textile
flying buttressan exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault. A pier buttress is a solid mass of masonry. A flying buttress consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which it transmits lateral thrust.
modulea basic unit of which the dimensions of the major parts of a work are multiples. The principle is used in sculpture and other art forms, but it is most often employed in architecture, where the module may be the dimensions of an important part of a building, such as the diameter of a column
parchmentlambskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
temperaa technique of painting using pigment mixed with egg yolk, glue, or casein; also refers to the medium itself.
vellumcalfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
mandorlaan almond-shaped nimbus (halo) surrounding the figure of Christ or other sacred figure
rose windowa circular stained-glass window
scriptoriumwriting studio of a monastery
icona portrait or image; especially in Byzantine churches, a panel with a painting of scared personages that are objects of veneration. In the visual arts, a painting, a piece of sculpture, or even a building regarded as an object of veneration.
reliquarya container for holding relics
evangelistone of the four authors (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) of the New Testament Gospels.
pendentivea concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome. Although pendentives appear to be hanging (pendant) from the dome, they in fact support it.