a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
the three initial letters (chi-rho-iota) of Christ's name in Greek, which came to serve as a monogram for Christ
monastery courtyard, usually with covered walks or ambulatories along its sides
separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side; the predecessor of the modern book.
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
a page of a manuscript or book
in Early Christian art, a figure with both arms raised in the ancient gesture of prayer
the four New Testament books that relate the life and teachings of Jesus
a painting technique in which pigment is mixed with melted wax and applied to the surface while the mixture is hot
in early medieval manuscripts, a decorative page resembling a textile
an exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault. A pier buttress is a solid mass of masonry. A flying buttress consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which it transmits lateral thrust.
a basic unit of which the dimensions of the major parts of a work are multiples. The principle is used in sculpture and other art forms, but it is most often employed in architecture, where the module may be the dimensions of an important part of a building, such as the diameter of a column
lambskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
a technique of painting using pigment mixed with egg yolk, glue, or casein; also refers to the medium itself.
calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting
an almond-shaped nimbus (halo) surrounding the figure of Christ or other sacred figure
a circular stained-glass window
writing studio of a monastery
a portrait or image; especially in Byzantine churches, a panel with a painting of scared personages that are objects of veneration. In the visual arts, a painting, a piece of sculpture, or even a building regarded as an object of veneration.
a container for holding relics
one of the four authors (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) of the New Testament Gospels.
a concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome. Although pendentives appear to be hanging (pendant) from the dome, they in fact support it.
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