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Osteology Questions

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mwhyett's version from 2016-05-23 22:07

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Question Answer
What 3 bones make up the shoulder girdle?1. Clavicle. 2. Scapula. 3. Humerus
What are the 3 joints an their classifications of the shoulder girdle?1. Glenohumeral joint. 2. Acromioclavicular joint. 3. Sternoclavicular joint.
What is the difference between dislocation and subluxation?A dislocation is the complete disruption of a joint, and a subluxation is a partial disruption and full relocation of a joint.
What 3 bones make up the pelvic girdle?1. Ischium. 2. Sacrum. 3. Pubis
What are long bones comprised of?1. Diaphysis. 2. Metaphysis. 3. Epiphysis.
What forms on the edges of bone?Osteocytes.
What is the difference between abduction and adduction?Adduction is towards the midline, abduction is away from the midline.
What colour does a radiopaque structure appear on an x-ray?White.
How many vertebrae are there?7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar.
What are the secondary curves and when do they form?1. Cervical (when child holds head upright). 2. Lumbar (when child begins to sit and walk).
What is the appearance of a cervical vertebra?Oval body, with a triangular foramen. Bifid spinous processes.
What is the appearance of a thoracic vertebra?Heart shaped body, with a circular foramen.
What is the appearance of a lumbar vertebra?Kidney shaped body, with triangular foramen.
What is different about C1?It has no body or spinous process.
What is different about C2?The main feature is the odontoid peg, bifid spinous process.
What is different about C7?Both the spinous process and transverse process are prominant.
What examination is rarely done for scoliosis?Laterals due to the inconsistency of the intevertebral joint spaces.
What is pes planus?Flatening of the longitudinal arch.
What is pes cavus?Excessive curvature of the longitudinal arch.
What are the breathing instructions for a lateral thoracic spine?On arrested inspiration.
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