Ortho definitions

llbgurl's version from 2015-10-02 17:57


Question Answer
abnormality in the development of the hip causing femoral head to be partially/completely displaced from acetabulum developmental dysplasia of hip
hands placed over child's knees with thumbs on medial thigh and fingers placing gentle upward stress on lateral thigh and greater trochanter. With slow abduction a dislocation/reducible hip will have palpable clunk Ortolani Sign
guide hips into mild adduction and applying slight forward pressure with thumb. If unstable will slip over posterior rim of acetabulum and production palpable clunkBarlow sign
Osteonecrosis of hip found only in childrenLegg Calve' Perthes
displacement of the femoral epiphysis from the metaphysis slipped femoral capital epiphysis
femoral neck is rotated forward or anteriorly (more than usual) from the femoral shaftfemoral anteversion
inflammation of a joint due to bacterial infection (other than gonorrhea) which is extremely painfulseptic arthritis
painful, inflammatory hip condition of children (3-8 yrs) tha tis often unilateral that lasts about one weektransient synovitis
braxhial plexus is injured during deliveryshoulder problem (brachial plexus)
pain with shoulder movementclavicle fracture
absent moro, bicep, grasp reflex on affected sidebrachial plexus inury
decreased arm movement or absent moro relfexclavicle fracture
swelling or deformity over boneclavicle fracture
pain with shoulder movementclavicle fracture
early child hood intoeing 3-8 yearsfemoral anteversion
infant intoeingMetatarsus Adductus
toddler 18 months-4 years intoeing Internal Tibial Torsion
uterine packing position where legs are flexed and crossed tightlyinternal tibial torsion
tibia is internally rotated resultsing in in-toeingInternal Tibial Torsion
1/2 to 3/4 of malleolus is seen or medial malleolus is posterior to the lateral malleolusinternal tibial torsion
bowing of the legsGenu Varum
tibial femoral angle >15Genu Varum
knock knees Genu Valgum
tibial femoral angle <15 degreesGenu Valgum
normal until age 7Genu Valgum
microtrauma in the deep fibers or the patellar tendon at its insertion into the tibial tuboersity Osgood Schlatter Disease
pain reproduced by extending the knee under resistanceOsgood Schlatter Disease
focal swelling and point tenderness over tibial tuberosityOsgood Schlatter Disease
incident rates increase with level of competition, frequency of participation and age with older children/adolescents having the greatest rates and severity of injurysports injuries
most common pediatric sport injuryknee
stretch or tear in the ligaments or other connective tissuesprains
stretch or tear in the muscle or tendonsstrains
attach bone to boneligaments
attach muscle to bonetendons
bend knee to 90 degrees; place hands around the upper portion of the tibia and apply ANTERIOR stressanterior drawer test
feel sliding forward of the tibia with anterior drawer test torn ACL
lay supine and flex affected knee at 15 degree angle with leg externally rotated. Stablize leg by grasping distal end of thigh and grasp proximal aspect of the tibia and attempt to move ANTRIORLYLachman test
tibia moves forward during lachman testtorn ACL
a disruption in bone tissue which can manifest itself as bowing or a break, with or without seperationfracture
skin integrity is maintained closed fracture
bone fragment is exposed which increases the likelihood of infection and neurovascular compromiseopen fracture
epiphyseal plate (growth plate) is injured in children and is the WEAKest part of the boneepiphyseal fractures
both sides of the bone are fractured (spiral, oblique, transverse and commutedcomplete fracture
fracture is found in multiple piecescomminuted fracture
result of bone compression, usually in young children and involves the distal radiusbuckle fracture
results when the bone's plastic formation is angulated beyond its limits, which results in a bend in the bonebowing/Bed
complete, buckle, greenstick, bowingnonepiphyseal fractures
patellofemoral pain syndrome; overuse injurychondromalacia
caused by repetitive movement injuryoveruse injury
dislocationoveruse injury
anterior knee pain; pain gives out; dislocatespatellofemoral pain syndrome
group of hereditary disorders of skeletal muscle that produces progressive degeneration of skeletal muscle leading to weaknessDuchene's dystrophy
positive sign: attempting to stand from the floor and must push off legs with arms and stands in segmented fashionGowers sign

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