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Orienteering

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noneuclidean's version from 2016-04-04 22:48

vocab

 

worddefinition
orienteeringa competitive sport in which participants find their way to various checkpoints across rough country with the aid of a map and compass
mapa diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea, showing physical features
legendthe wording on a map or diagram explaining the symbols used.
symbolscan be figures, shapes, lines, colors, etc.
pacinga method used to measure a distance often used with a compass. pacing is usually split up into segments which are a known distance (50m) that are paced multiple times (trials). once calculated, pacing can be used to travel correct distances on a map.
topographya detailed description on a map of the natural or artificial features of any area. topography maps use color or contour lines to show elevations between sea level and mountain ranges.
directionsa course along which someone/something moves; the guidance of someone or something
communicationconveying information through the exchange of words or commands between two or more participants
trustthe belief that someone is reliable, good, honest, or effective; when one person is willing to rely on the actions of another
compassa navigational instrument that shows direction in a frame of reference that is stationary relative to the Earth
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compass direction types

numbertype
1cardinal directions
2intermediate directions
3bearings in degrees
4angle markings (for map reading)
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compass history

numbertimeevent
1206 B.C.magnetic compass used in Chinese Han Dynasty
21040 - 1044first used by the military for navigation
31111 - 1117maritime navigation
41107 - 1202used in western europe
51300'sdry compass (handheld) invented
61900'sliquid filled magnetic compass invented
7CurrentlyGPS Global Postioning System
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compass rose directions

numberdirectiondegrees
1north0/360
2northeast45
3east90
4southeast135
5south180
6southwest225
7west270
8northwest315
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parts of a compass

numberpart
1base plate
2millimeter scale
3orienting lines
4vial
5magnetic needle
6orienting arrow
7direction of travel arrow
8azimuth ring (bearings or degrees)
9north indicator
10index line
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