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Orientation and Directional Terms

rename
recotolu's version from 2017-09-15 20:23

Section 1

Question Answer
SuperiorToward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
Inferior Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure of the body; below
Ventral (anterior)Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Dorsal (posterior)Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Medial Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
LateralAway from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
IntermediateBetween a more medial and more lateral structure
ProximalCloser to the origin of the body part or the point of attatchment of a limb to the body trunk
DistalFarther from the origin of a body part or the point of attatchment a limb to the body
superifcial (external) Toward or at the body surface
deep (internal)Away from the body surface; more internal
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
frontalforehead
orbitaleye
nasalnose
oralmouth
mentalchin
cervicalneck
thoraxhouses sternal axillary and mammary
sternalthin strip between mammary region
axillaryregion under armpit
mammarychest
Abdominalhouses umbilical region
umbilicalstomach area
Pelvicarea above groin
inguinalgroin
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Acromialtop of shoulder
Brachialarm
Antecubital bend in arm
olecranalback of elbow
antebrachialforearm
carpalwrist
Manushand
pollex between wrist and thumb
metacarpalback of hand
palmerpalm
digitalfingers/toes
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
coxalhip
femoralthigh
patellar knee
crural leg
sural calf
fibularshin
Pedalfoot
tarsalankle
calcanealheel
metatarsaltop of foot
plantarbottom of foot
halluxbig toe
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
scapularback
vertebralspine
lumbarlower back (curve)
sacralthong triangle
glutealbutt
perinealbetween anus and external genetalia
memorize