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Orgo Vocab Chapter 5

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krabi's version from 2015-06-08 02:44

Section

Question Answer
achiralnot chiral
absolute configurationthe arrangement in space of the atoms in an enantiomer
allenea 1,2 diene. A compound containing a carbon atom that is part of two double bonds.
chirala chiral molecule is not superimposable on its mirror image
chiralitythe ability of a molecule to exist in two nonsuperimposable mirror image forms, "handedness"
dextrorotatorythe rotation of the plane of plane-polarized light in the clockwise direction
diastereomersstereoisomers that are not mirror images
enantiomersnonsuperimposable mirror images
levorotatorythe rotation of the plane of plane-polarized light in the counterclockwise direction
meso compoundan achiral compound containing stereogenic atoms
optical activitythe rotation by a molecule of the plane of plane-polarized light
polarimetera device for measuring the amount of rotation of the plane of plane-polarized light
racemic mixture (racemate)a mixture containing equal amounts of two enantiomeric forms of a chiral molecule
resolutionthe separation of a racemic mixture into its constituent enantiomeric molecules
stereochemistrythe physical and chemical consequences of the arrangement in space of the atoms in molecules
stereogenic centeran atom (usually carbon) => that can have two nonequivalent configurations
structural isomersmolecules of the same formula but with different connectivities among the constituent atoms
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