Organism Classification

zuselupa's version from 2016-01-14 00:54

Section 1

Question Answer
Grouping and naming of organisms based on their physical characteristicstaxonomy
Carolus Linnaeusdeveloped naming system
Two word scientific name for each organismbinomial nomanclature
biggest taxon?domian
3 domains?bacteria, archea, eukarya
6 kingdoms?animalia, plantae, bacteria, archaea, protista, fungi

Section 2

Question Answer
made only of RNA, causes diseases in plantsviroid
infectious, nonliving particle several times smaller than a bacteria cellvirus
made only of proteins, results in brain diseasesprion
protein coat of viruscaspid
DNA or RNA inside protein coat?either/or
what attaches to host?tail fibers
short cycle for viruses, bursts celllytic cycle
longer cycle, virus DNA mixes with cell DNA during cell reproductionlysogenic cycle

Section 3

Question Answer
bacteria- prokaryotes or eukaryotes?pro
do they have a cell wall?yes
shape- coccusspherical (circle)
growth- staphylocluster
no prefixsingle cell
asexual reproduction in which one cell splits into twobinary fission
process of bacteria cells exchanging genetic informationconjugation

Section 4

Question Answer
protists- unicellular or multicellular?mostly uni
pro or eu?eu
autotrophic or heterotropic?both
animal-like protistsprotozoa
plant-like protistsalgae
fungus-like protistsdecomposers
protozoa and bacteria movement?cilia and flagella
projections of the cytoplasm that reach out for movementpseudopods
crushed shells of protists used in toothpastediatoms
place in food chain?bottom

Section 5

Question Answer
fungi- uni or multi?majority multi
pro or eu?all eu
composed of threadlike filaments called ______hyphae
auto or hetero?hetero
fungi feed by __________absorption
what three kingdoms have a cell wall?bacteria, plantae, fungi
fungi reproduction?spores
combination of algae (protist) and fungi?lichen
combination of a plant's roots and fungi?mycorrhizae

Section 6

Question Answer
waxy, waterproof covering on leaves and stems to prevent water losscuticle
anchor plants, allow for absorptionroots
holds leaves up to the sun, contains tissues to transport water up to the leaves and food (nutrients) down to the rootsstem
openings on the leaves to take in carbon dioxide from the air, can close during dry/hot daysstomata
plant sweat (water loss)transpiration
do not contain xylem or phloemnonvascular plants
contain vascular tissuevascular plants
produce cones to expose pollengymnosperms
produce flowers to expose pollenangiosperms
produced to protect seeds while they developefruits and pods
all adaptations to protect _____seeds
needles for leavesevergreen plants
lose leaves when water supply is limiteddeciduous plants
live for one growing seasonannuals
life span- 2 yearsbiennials
produce year after yearperennials

Section 7

Question Answer
animal kingdom- multi or uni?multi
pro or eu?eu
auto or hetero?hetero
body can be divided in half many ways through a central axisradial symmetry
body can only be divided length wisebilateral symmetry
no symmetryasymmetry
animals with no body cavityacoelomate
animals with a body cavitycoelomate
fake coelempseudocoelomate
external skeleton covering body, provides support and protectionexoskeleton