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ORAL COMM LONG TEST PT 2

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baejuhyeoned's version from 2016-10-17 19:08

Section 1

Question Answer
Persuasive speakingis the form of communication that people of diverse backgrounds mostly engage in
Persuasive Speechyour primary goal is to influence the thoughts, feelings, actions, and behaviors or attitudes of your listeners (Gamble & Gamble, 2012)
Well-defined goal, Clear main point, Sufficient supporting ideas, Logical reasoning & Effective and powerful ways to gain the attention of your audience5 Qualities of an Effective Persuasive Speech
Pathos, Ethos & LogosAristotle defines three areas that a persuasive speaker must be able to meet (Franklin and Clark, 2001)
PathosListener's need
Pathosinvolves the emotional response that will be elicited from the audience through the argument.
EthosCredibility
Ethosinvolves the influence over the audience through the perceived credibility of the speaker.
LogosReasoning
Logosinvolves logical and sufficient evidence to back an argument.
Speech that Questions Fact, Value, PolicyTypes of Claims in Persuasive Speech
Speech that Questions FactThis type questions the existence of a particular event or happening.
Speech that Questions Factthe persuasive speaker poses questions of fact, derives conclusions from different sources of information, and attempts to convince the audience to believe in his/her ideas.
Speech that Questions Valuefocuses on questions of value regarding topics on the self, family, friendship, religion, government, freedom, love, and money, among others.
Makes a statement, Attempts to convince audience & justifies it based on standardsWhat speaker does in speech that questions value
Speech that Questions PolicyThis type questions the current state of things which can impact the future.
Speech that Questions Policythe persuasive speaker asks relevant questions that can help in making a decision on whether or not something should be implemented, observed, or done.
Anecdotes, Facts and figures, Oopinion, Rhetorical questions, Emotive language, Superlatives, Tripling AFOREST
AnecdotesBegin your speech with a personal story, observation, or experience.
Facts and figuresProvide striking statistics that can support your ideas.
OpinionAdd in your opinion. You can begin your statement with, “I believe that…”.
Rhetorical questionsThink of and add engaging rhetorical questions (i.e., questions which do not intend to elicit answers, but to make a point).
Emotive languageAppeal to your audience’s emotion.
SuperlativesUse superlatives to exaggerate an idea.
TriplingThe rule of three in the English writing principle simply entails using three words together to reinforce your point. This may add to the effectiveness of your persuasion. A classic example is Julius Caesar’s statement: “Veni, vidi, vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered).
AFOREST, Problem-Solution, Problem-Cause-Solution, Comparative Advantages & Monroe’s Motivated Sequence5 Organizational Patterns
Monroe’s Motivated Sequencean outline for making speeches based on the psychology of persuasion (Ehninger, Monroe, & Granbeck, 1978).
Alan Monroecreated Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
False Cause and EffectThis happens when the connection between two consecutive events are not clear.
Hasty GeneralizationThis happens when a conclusion is drawn from insufficient evidence.
Red HerringThis happens when the answer does not address the question.
False AnalogyThis happens when two things, which might be alike in some respects, are compared and assumed to be similar in other ways.
False AuthorityThis happens when a statement of someone who is not an expert in the field in question is being used in an argument.
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Section 2

Question Answer
(1) share goodwill, joy, and pleasure to the audience, (2) make the audience relax, enjoy, and even laugh, (3) to be friendly and relaxed, but still courteous during the speech delivery, (4) you should know your audience well in order to entertain them effectively.AIMS of Entertainment speech
Choose, Enjoy, Simplify, Visualize, Surprise5 steps in writing an entertainment speech
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Section 3

Question Answer
(1) about objects or people, (2) about processes , (3) about events, (4) conceptsTypes of Informative Speeches
Spatial Patternis used when you want to talk about the physical structure of an object or the way things fit together in a certain space
Spatial PatternTopics that deal with geography fit this pattern best.
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