Oral Anti-Diabetic Meds

zasetuti's version from 2016-02-08 21:01

Section 1

Question Answer
SulfonylureasGlipizide (Glucotrol / Glimepiride (Amaryl)
Alpha-Glucosidase InhibitorsAcarbose (Precose) / Miglitol (Glyset)
Meglitinide AnalogsRepaglinide (Prandin) / Nateglinide (Starlix)
BiguanidesMetformin (Glucophage)
ThiazolidinedionesPioglitazone (Actos) / Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
Incretin MimeticsExenatide (Byetta) / Liraglutide (Victoza)
DPP-4 InhibitorsSitagliptin (Januvia) / Saxagliptin (Onglyza)
Amylin AnalogsPramlintide (Symlin)
Combination Agents Glyburide & metformin (Glucovance)

Section 2

Question Answer
Sulfonylureas Stimulates the pancreas to release more insulin, both right after a meal and then over several hours Used to treat: Type II Diabetes
Meglitinide AnalogsStimulate the pancreas to release more insulin right after a meal. Used to treat: Type II Diabetes
Side Effect of sulfonylureasBlood Glucose  Irritability  Upset stomach  Assess for allergy to sulfonamides
Side Effects of Meglitinide Analogs Effects diminish quickly and they must be taken with each meal   Blood glucose. Hypoglycemia

Section 3

Question Answer
Biguanides Decrease amount of glucose released from liver.  Insulin Resistance use of glucose by muscle cells Insulin sensitivity Lowers both basal and post meal glucose levels
ThiazolidinedionesDecrease Liver glucose production the body more sensitive to the effects of insulin. -  uptake of glucose in skeletal muscle and fat