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Official Inorganic ACID (USES AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS)

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allelipraise's version from 2017-07-29 14:01

Section 1

Question Answer
Boric AcidAntiseptic properties
Boric Acid: poisoningCirculatory depression, vomiting and diarrhea, followed by shock and coma.
Antiseptic Property of HBO3Boric acid & sodium borate and sodium perborate.
Boric AcidScarlatiniform rash or boiled lobster appearance
Boric Acid: UsesBuffer/Vehicle for ophthalmic solutions/dusting powder/antiseptic/suppository base
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Section 2

Question Answer
Pharmacological Action (Chloride ions)With Na+, they are necessary for osmotic functions (tonicity)
Pharmacological Action (Chloride ions)cause acidosis
Pharmacological Action (Chloride ions)parietal cells of stomach
Pharmacological Action (Chloride ions)With Na+, they are necessary for osmotic functions (tonicity)
HCl: UsesPharmaceutical aid (acidifying agent)
HCl: UsesForms water-soluble ___________ salt when reacted with basic organic compounds.
HCl: Usesrelatively easy to prepare and low toxicity
Dil. HClUsed in the treatment of achlorhydria.
Dil. HClUsed in extraction of basic drugs, and to test for alkaline properties.
Dil. HCl (Used in extraction of basic drugs)– Ergot Fluiextract – Nux vumica – Pentobarbital Sodium Elixir
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Section 3

Question Answer
Nitric Acid Used in relatively large doses as potassium and ammonium salts for diuretic effect.
Nitric Acid:UsesAcidifying agent, OA, and ______ agent
Nitric Acid:Uses Used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid, coal tar dyes and explosives.
Nitric Acid:Usesdestroys chancres and warts, but rarely prescribed for internal use.
Nitric Acid:ToxicityIngestion (damages tissues) and Inhalation (suffocation) can lead to pulmonary edema (congested lungs)
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Section 4

Question Answer
Phosphoric Acid:PharmacologyBuffer systems for maintaining acid-base balance
Phosphoric Acid:PharmacologyMetabolism of carbohydrates
Phosphoric Acid:PharmacologyBone formation (calcium phosphate)
Phosphoric Acid:PharmacologyRegulation of calcium metabolism and level in the blood.
Phosphoric Acid:USES– Acidifying agent – Buffer
Phosphoric Acid:USESAids proteolytic enzymes in the formation of peptones (water-soluble protein derivatives)
Phosphoric Acid:USES (Dil. H3PO4)antidote for lead toxicity
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Section 5

Question Answer
Pharmacology (Sulfate)Not absorbed in the GIT when administered orally.
Pharmacology (Sulfate)Saline cathartics
Pharmacology (Sulfate)Injection of _______ causes diuresis
Sulfuric Acid :UsesDehydrating agent (Pyroxylin, USP) – Salts of basic organic drug molecules
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