Which encouter does Odysseus and his men have before Polyphemos?
They sacked Ismarus and took the Cione's wives and possesions.
Why is it necessary for Odysseus to take some of his men by force away from the land of the Lotos-Eaters?
Eating the lotus caused the men to loose the desire to return home.
What kind of creature does Odysseus encounter in the next land?
Why does Odysseus lead his men into Polyphemos' cave?
he thinks he will find food, hospitality, and shelter.
What happens when Polyphemos finds Odysseus and his men in the cave?
He takes two of Odysseus' men, kills and eats them.
How is Odysseus able to wound Polyphemos?
He and his men sharpen a log and jam it into his eye, blinding him.
How do Odysseus and his remaining men escape from the cave?
They hide under Polyphemos' sheep while the sheep walk out of the cave.
How is the craftiness and cunning of Odysseus revealed in this escape?
As Odysseus and his men hide on the underside of sheep as he knows Polyphemus cannot see and will not check there when looking for them. They also decide not to kill him only blind him so that the boulder that covers the exist can be moved by Polyphemus when he needs to leave, not killing him was very wise as none of them would have been able to move the boulder and they would have been trapped. Odysseus also had told him that his name was ‘nobody’ so that even though Polyphemus is yelling and shouting for help no one comes to his aid as he is yelling out “Nobody is trying to kill me. Nobody has blinded me”. Odysseus thought of everything to ensure they would be able to escape with no interruptions making it harder.
Why does Odysseus reveal his name to Polyphemos after he has escaped?
He is a bit arragant and wants Polyphemos to know the name of the clever man who outwitted him.
Odysseus follows Circe's instructions and digs a votire pit. He pours libations to the dead, and sacrifices the lamb and ewe given to him by Circe.
What does Odysseus promise Elpenor?
He promises to return to Circe's hous and give Elpenor a proper burial.
Why does Odysseus not let his mother come near the blood?
He needs all of the blood for Teiresias he won't let anyone drink it until he speaks to Tiresias.
What does Teiresias tell Odysseus?
Teiresias tells Odysseus how to get past each obstacle and arrive home safely.
Who comes to speak to odysseus after all th esouls of the women have departed?
Agamemnon, who tells Odysseus about the treachery of this wife Clytemnestra.
What does this person tell Odysseus?
He tells him of the fates of his comrades at Troy and how he was murdered by his wife and her lover.
Many other heroes speak to Odysseus, and he learns of their fates. What happens to Tantalos?
For eternity, Tantalos must stand Chin deep in a pool of water with a fruit tree above his head. He is eternally hungry and thirsty and every time he tries to drink the water sinks away, and every time he tries to eat the fruit, it raises above his head.
What punishment is sisyphos enduring?
Sisyphos must push a boulder up a hill for eternity. He can stop when he gets it to stay at the top, but it always rolls back down, making him have to start over again.
How do the Seirines destroy men, and how do Odysseus nad his men avoid destruction?
The Sirens lure men to their island with their beautiful enchanted singing. The men either drown trying to get there, or wast away on the rocks listening to them. Odysseus plugs all his men's ears with wax and ties himself to the mast so he can hear their singing.
What are Skylla and Karybdis?
Skylla is a six headed monster. Charybdis is a giant whirlpool moster.
What happens to Odysseus' compainions?
Six of Odysseus' men are eaten by Skylla and their ship and the remaining men are sucked down by Charybdis, destroying them.
What happens ot Odysseus?
Odysseus, following Teiresias advice, stays on the side of the ship closest to Scylla and she misses him, keeping him safe.
How does Poseidon react when he discovers that the Phaiakians has aided Odysseus in reaching Ithaka?
Poseidon is angy that Odyssesus has reached Ithaka easily and with great presents. He punishes the Phaiakins by turing the ship to stone just as it reaches their harbor. He then erects a ring of high mountains around the island, cutting them off from their livelyhood.
How does Odysseus react when he awakens on land?
He does not know where he is.
WHy does Athena now reveal herself to Odysseus?
So that she can reassure him that he is in Ithaka and further help him to reach his home. She also wants to help him plan his revenge on Penelope's suitors.
Where does Athena send Odysseus first?
She sends him disguised as a begger to his loyal swineheard.
What task does Athena first stet out to do?
She goes to Lakedaimon to bring Telemakos home.
Who is Eumaeus?
Eumaeus is Odysseus' faithful swineheard.
Why does Odysseus hide his identity from Eumaeus?
Odysseus wants to test Eumaios' loyalty.
Does Eumaeus believe Odysseus' tale?
Eumaios believes all except the part where Odysseus is said to still be alive.
Telemakhos receives an omen fas he is about to depart. What is it and what does it mean?
a mountain eagle holding a white goose in it's talons flies to the right over the horses. Helen interprets the sign to mean that Odysseus will soon return to Ithaka and take revenge on the suitors.
Who journeys to Ithika with Telemakhos and his companions?
Theokymenos, a gifted prophet and a fugitive from Argos, joins him.
Odysseus has a plan tha the shares with Eumaeus. What is it?
Odysseus plans to go to his own house asn ask for a job as a servant for the suitors.
What is Eumaeus' reaction to Odysseus' idea?
How did Eumaeus com to be swineherd for Odysseus?
He was kidnapped by his nurse and a group of Phoinikian traders who sold him to Laertes.
Which are the two signs that the gods send to Telemakhos and Odysseus?
And eagle carrying a white goose flies bpast Telemakhos on the right side and a falcon carrying a pigeon flies past Odysseus on the right side.
What action does Odysseus take?
He reveals his true identity to Telemakhos.
What instructions does Odysseus give to Telemakhos?
He tells him to go home and wait for his father's arrival as a beggar. he warns telemakhos not to interfere if hte suitors are rude, but to wait for the signal ro hide all weapons except their own he also reminds Telemakhos not to let anyone know that he (odysseus) has returned.
Penelope greets Telemakhos when he harrives home and askes to hear his news. Telemakhos' version and that of Theoklymenos differ how are they different?
Telemakhos does not tell that Theoklymenos read an omen that Odysseus is already on Ithaka. Instead he says he was told Odysseus would soon return. Theoklymenos tells of his own prophecy.
Identify the speaker "See now how the rascal comes on leading a rascal about: like guides what is like itself, jast as a god does."
The speaker is Eury machos the most ardent suitor. He is speaking to Penelope's maidservants.
What two physical assaults does Odysseus endure?
First Odysseus is kicked by Melanthios at the fountain and then he is hit by a footstool thrown by antinoos in his own home.
Who is Argus, and what happens to him?
Argus is Odysseus beloved dog who recognizes Odysseus disguised as a beggar when Odysseus and Eumaios approach the house. He is old and happily dies, having seen Odysseus.