Nutrition lecture 11

winniesmith2's version from 2018-01-18 17:02

Section 1

Question Answer
'Obesity' genecrebs rf
Emphasis on child health occurred whenAfter the Second World War (1945)
What are the six types of transitionEconomic, demographic, sociopolitical, behavioural, nutritional, epidemiologic
Stages of transitionSociopolitical change -> economic development -> urbanisation -> lifestyle changes -> -> -> nutritional, behavioural, epidemiologic
What is sociopolitical transitiondemocratisation, reduction of equality (eventually), increase access to goods and services, universal maternal- child healthcare, care for the elderly, female literacy..
Economic transition Increased GDP, increased economic indicators.
Demographic transition death rates start to reduce, birth rate stays high --> lower death rates and lower birth rate ---> increasing population (ie less people dying, older people live longer. goes from triangle to square.
What is urbanisation Increased access to employment, high income, regular supply of goods, health- educational- welfare services, recreational facilities.
Behavioural transition shift to active to passive community
Nutritional transition high fibre and low fat to low fibre and high fat
Epidemiological Decreased infectious disease. Increased noncommunicable disease, developed by Omran in 1971. ' ... Transition in which degenerative and man-made diseases displays pandemics of infection as the primary cause of morbidity and mortality'.
Causes of deathWorld health report 1997 - recap dates of 'developed' vs 'developing'
'Other and unknown causes' Accidental death aka cars/traffic accidents
undernutrition asa measurement of poverty instead of a consequence of poverty

Section 2

Question Answer
graphs --
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graphs 4graphs 4

Section 3

Question Answer
Global nutrition targets 2025
child stunting
child wasting
child obesity
exclusive breastfeeding
low birth weight
adult overwegiht
adult diabetes
adult obesity
key findings
Calls to action
what is 'smart' for targets

Section 4