Nutrition 16-17

lenuvawi's version from 2016-04-27 21:30

Section 1

Question Answer
Number of extra calories needed to produce a normal supply of milk during the first six months of lactation1. to produce an adequate supply of milk a woman needs extra energy-almost 500 kilo calories a day above her regular needs or in the first 6 months of lactation...she can eat an extra 330 kilo calories of food (0:38) fat reserve accumulated during pregnancy to provide the 500 kilo calorie needed
Chief protein in human breast milkalpha-laptalbumin
Definition of colostruma milk-like secretion from the breast present during first few days of delivery before milk appears
Compared with cows milk breast milk containsCow's milk provides too much protein and too little carbohydrate, and is high in calcium and lower in vitamin C
Definition of Lactadherina protein in breast milk that attacks diarrhea-causing viruses
Features of breast milk banksDonated milk can be provided to those who are unable to provide sufficient milk to their infant.
Formula available for infants with lactose intoleranceSoy formulas (hypoallergenic formulas)
Common source of lead poisoning in infantsmalnutrition
Why is goat milk inappropriate for infants?its low folate content
The age a normal infant first develop the ability to swallow solid foods4-6 months

Section 2

Question Answer
Why should new foods be introduced to an infant one at a time?To prevent allergy and to facilitate its prompt identification
What is the first cereal introduced to the infant?Rice cereal
What happens when an infant is fed honey or corn syrup?There is a botulism risk
Term for a child who is hyperactive with severe and impulsive behaviorADHD
life threatening allergic reaction is known as Anaphylactic shock
Most effective way to teach a childServing as role models
Define MenarcheFirst menstruation in a woman
Most important predictor of a person’s mobility Regular physcal activity
Definition of sarcopeniaLoss of muscle mass
Definition of dysphagiaDifficulties swallowing, can result in nutritional deficiencies

Section 3

Question Answer
Definition of edentulouslack of teeth
Among the elderly, who is the most common to suffer from malnutritionMalnutrition among older adults is most common in hospitals and nursing homes. In the community, malnutrition is most likely to occur among those living alone, especially men, those living in federally funded housing, and those who have recently experienced a change in lifestyle
A person with a pressure ulcer has damage to whatDamage to the skin and underlying tissues as a result of compression and poor circulation
Minimum number of glasses of water per day for older adults6 glasses
Symptoms associated with atrophic gastritis when prescribed an antibiotic in the elderlyInflamed stomach, bacterial overgrowth, and a lack of hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor
Condition associated with the likelihood of iron deficiency in older peopleChronic blood loss from diseases and medicines, and poor iron absorption due to reduced stomach acid secretion and antacid use: iron deficiency anemia
Organ affected by macular degenerationDeterioration of the macula (center of the retina of the eye)

Section 4

Question Answer
Characteristics of goutUric acid deposits in the joints Purines are converted to uric acid, there are increased uric acid levels when meat and seafood are consumed. Like products lowere uric acid levels.
Glucosamine and/or chondroitin supplements are used to treat what symptomsDiscomfort and immobility from arthritis
Definition of congregate mealGroup settings at community centers
Study programs available to low income older adultsMeals on Wheels, Senior Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program, OAA
What drug has a chemical structure similar to folateMethotrexate