Nursing Informatics - Unit 1

olanjones's version from 2016-01-26 18:16

Section 1

Question Answer
What is Nursing Informatics (NI)?the synthesis of nursing, computer, information, and cognitive science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice
Datadiscrete entities described objectively without interpretation
What is the goal of NI?Improve the health of populations, communities, families, and individuals by optimizing information management and communication.
Informationdata that are interpreted, organized, or structured to provide context
Knowledgethe synthesis of information to formalized and identify relationships
Wisdomthe appropriate application of knowledge to the management and solution of human problems

Section 2

Question Answer
Cognitive sciencestudy of mind, intelligence, and behavior from an information processing perspective
Objective datadata that can be observed through the senses (sight, touch, taste, hearing, smell) - not interpreted
Subjective dataprocessed/interpreted data (information) that is not verifiable
Is pain subjective or objective?Subjective. Pain is a person's description of his/her discomfort and cannot be externally verified. It is what they say it is.
Qualitative researchFocus is on describing meaning of event (in-depth interviews, direct observations, written documents)
Quantitative researchFocus is on determining numbers/frequencies to describe a situation or relationship (correlations, variable contributions)
Ways of KnowingInformation obtained from research of Databases, Empirical, Education, Experience, Peers, Literature
Sources of KnowledgeInstinct (reaction without reason), Reasoning (drawn from facts/cause&effect), Intuition (acquired knowledge NOT from deduction, observation, reasoning, analysis)
What are Random Controlled Trials (RCT)?The systematic review of data obtained from objective, controlled settings used to evaluate the validity and effectiveness of clinical intervention. The "gold standard" of research.

Section 3

Question Answer
What are EHR?Electronic Health Records, more comprehensive than EMR. Info is owned by the patient but housed by the facility.
What are the 5 rights of quality information?Right user,(at the) right time,(in the) right format,(to the) right person,(for the) right purpose
Data miningthe use of software to sort through data to discover patterns and ascertain or establish relationships
Data scrubbingthe removal of "dirty" data to improve data mining ability.
Dirty dataincorrect data, data that has been erroneously entered multiple times, incomplete data
CINAHLCumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature
Information literacythe degree to which one has the ability to obtain, process, understand, and apply information to help solve a problem

Section 4

Question Answer
Translational researchtranslating medical, biomedical, informatics, and nursing research into bedside clinical applications
Evidence Based Practice (EBP)the use of research, clinical judgement/knowledge/data, patient's values/wishes to make decisions about individual patient care
Barriers to EBPA lack of: time, access (to computers, databases, Internet), technology/information literacy, ability to interpret/critique findings, belief in the value of applying the evidence
Ergonomicsdesign & implementation of equipment, tools, machines for human safety, comfort, and convenience
Ways to learn NIFrom basic nursing programs, accreditation requirements, Masters in informatics, OTJ training, continuing education, and lifelong learning
NI competenciesemail communication, information literacy, information technology and clinical care delivery, inter-professional education

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