Describe the purpose of various types of health care services, agencies, and providers.
Hospitals provide a wide variety of services on an inpatient and outpatient basis. Hospitals can be categorized as public or private, for-profit or not-for-profit, and acute care or long-term care. Many other settings, such as clinics, offices, and day care centers, also provide care. Various providers of health care coordinate their skills to assist a client. Their mutual goal is to restore a client’s health and promote wellness
What is goal of primary care services?
health promotion and illness prevention.
What is goal of secondary care services?
diagnosis and treatment.
What is goal of tertiary care services?
rehabilitation, health restoration, and palliative care.
Compare various systems of financing for health care services
health care is financed largely through government agencies and private organizations that provide health care insurance, prepaid plans, and federally funded programs. Government-financed plans include Medicare and Medicaid. Private plans include Blue Cross and Blue Shield. Prepaid group plans include HMOs, ACOs, PPOs, PPAs, IPAs, and PHOs.
focuses on jobs to be completed. Task-oriented approach. Personnel with less preparation perform less complex care requirements. Based on production and efficiency model. Economical, efficient. Fragmented care. Non-quantifiable aspects such as emotional needs may be overlooked.
team nursing care delivery framework
delivery of nursing care to clients by a team led by a professional nurse.
primary nursing care delivery framework
one nurse responsible for total care of a number of patients 24 hours a day, 7 days a week; may not personally provide all care; comprehensive, individualized, consistent. Role not compatible for part-time nurses.
case method nursing care delivery framework
total care. Earliest nursing models. Client centered method. One nurse assigned to and responsible for comprehensive care of a group of clients during an 8-12 hr shift
differentiated practice nursing care delivery framework
system in which the best possible use of nursing personnel is based on education preparation and resulting skill sets (ADN vs BSN).
case management nursing care delivery framework
multidisciplinary teams that assume collaborative responsibility for planning, assessing, needs and coordination, implementation and evaluation of care for groups of clients from preadmission to discharge or expert recuperation.
care of individual in a geographic local setting. Extends beyond institutional boundaries.