Nursing Fundamentals - Unit 3 - Group Process

amprevel's version from 2016-03-10 04:46

Section 1

Question Answer
Types of groups found in hc settingsGroup counseling psychoeducation, work groups, interdisciplinary groups (therapy, support, activity, health education)
Factors influencing group dynamics - individual team member variablesMember personalities, culture, competencies
Factors influencing group dynamics - team level variablesTask complexity, task structure, team decision styles
Factors influencing group dynamics - contextualOrganizational support, environmental factors, synergistic resources
Task functions/behaviors in group dynamics Behavior relevant to attainment of group goals: initiating, seeking info or option, giving info or options, clarifying or elaborating, summarizing, consensus taking
Maintenance functions/behaviors in group dynamicsBehavior relevant to help group maintain harmonious working relationship, gate keeping, encouraging compromising, setting standards
HarmonizingMaintenance behavior. Attempts to reconcile disagreements, helps members reduce conflict and explore difference in a constructive manner
GatekeepingHelps keep communication channels open, points out commonalities in remarks, suggest approaches that permit greater sharing

Section 2

Question Answer
Effective groups - characteristicsGoals clearly identified/collaboratively developed,
open, goal-directed communication of feelings and ideas,
power equally shared/rotates,
decision making flexible/adapted to needs,
controversy - healthy bc builds involvement and creates stronger solutions,
healthy balance between task and maintenance role functioning,
individual contributions are acknowledged and respected,
diversity encouraged, interpersonal effectiveness,
problem solving adequacy
Ineffective groups - characteristicsGoals vague or imposed w/o discussing,
communication guarded,
feelings not always given attention
power resided in leader or delegated with little regard to member needs/not shared
decision making occurs w/ little or no consultation
consensus expected rather than negotiated based on data
controversy and open conflict not tolerated
One-sided focus on task or maintenance functions to exclusion of complementary function
individual resources not used
conformity and being a 'company person' rewarded
diversity not respected;
problem-solving abilities, morale, and interpersonal effectiveness are low and undervalued
Behaviors associated with forming stage of group developmentmembers come together, enter group relationship as strangers. Leader orients purpose. Intro.
Behaviors associated with Norming stage of group developmentindividual goals align to group goals
Behaviors associated with Storming stage of group developmentfocus on power and control issues
Behaviors associated with Performing stage of group development“work” gets accomplished.
Behaviors associated with Adjourning stage of group developmentreviewing what has been accomplished, reflecting on the meaning of the group’s work together, and making plans to move on in different directions.
Describe various group leadership stylesauthoritarian, democratic, laissez-faire, telling, selling, participating, delegating



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