it is motivated by a personal, positive approach to expanding wellness (it is not disease oriented)
What is health protection/illness prevention?
it is illness or injury specific, motivated by avoidance of condition
What are the 3 levels of illness prevention?
Primary- precedes disease (applied to healthy persons), Secondary- prompt intervention for those with health problems (prevention of complications), Tertiary- after illness when disability is fixed, stabilized, or irreversible (focus on rehabilitation)
What factors influence adherence to health care?
Regimen (simple vs. complex), Patient (individual factors – not related to age, religion, SES, etc.), Practitioner (more attention to patient = better adherence)
What is the focus of questions used to assess health perception?
to examine how the patient feels they are contributing to their own state of health / what the patient considers their state of health to be
persons who have a healthy self-concept are better able to cope with life’s challenges
What components comprise one’s self-concept?
Personal identity, Body image, Role performance, Self-esteem
What is Personal identity?
conscious sense of individuality and uniqueness that develops throughout life
Describe Body image
sum of attitudes (conscious/unconscious) that a person had toward their body
Describe Role performance
roles change over lifetime, each role comes with expectations for behaviors that may be set by self of others
What is Self-esteem?
one’s judgement of one’s own worth – is derived from self and others and can change often, includes global (how much one likes oneself as a whole) and specific (how much one approves of a specific part of one’s self)
How is assertiveness linked to self-concept?
Assertiveness incorporates setting goals, acting on goals in a clear and consistent manner, and taking responsibility for the consequences of those actions; it’s use displays self-confidence without diminishing others
What are the components of assertiveness?
the ability to - say “no”, ask for what you want, appropriately express both positive and negative thoughts and feelings, to initiate, continue, and terminate interaction
Behaviors of avoidance of one’s body, reports feelings that reflect an altered view of one’s body
What outcome/intervention can be used with Disturbed Body Image?
Outcome: Client will identify and change irrational beliefs regarding body size or function Intervention: Help client describe ideal self, identify self-criticisms, and give suggestions to support acceptance of self
What constitutes Situational Low Self-esteem?
Development of negative perception of self-worth in response to a current situation
What are characteristics of Situational Low Self-esteem?
Evaluation of self as unable to deal with events, reports current situational challenges to self-worth
What outcome/intervention can be used with Situational Low Self-esteem?
Outcome: Client will demonstrate separation of self-perceptions from societal stigmas Intervention: Assist in identification of problems and situational factors that contribute to problems, offering options for resolution