Analysis using inductive/deductive reasoning, making valid inferences, evaluating source credibility, sorting fact from opinion, clarifying concepts, and recognizing assumptions
How do Paul & Elder describe critical thinking?
Thinking about your thinking, while you're thinking, to make it better, more clear, accurate, and defensible
What is Socratic questioning?
A thought process used to look beneath the surface, recognize and examine assumptions, search for inconsistencies, examine multiple points of view, and differentiate what one knows from what one believes
What is critical reasoning?
Ability to think through a clinical situation as it changes while taking into account the context and what is important to the client
Define inductive reasoning
Generalizations formed from a set of facts or observations
Define deductive reasoning
Reasoning from a general premise to a specific conclusion
Define critical analysis
Application of a set of questions to a particular situation or idea to determine essential information and ideas and discard unimportant information
Define cognitive process
Thinking process based on the knowledge of aspects of client care
Define metacognitive process
Reflective thinking and awareness of the skills learned by the nurse in caring for the client
What is the purpose of the ANA Standards of Nursing Practice?
To serve as a framework that uses overlapping interrelated phases for the practice of nursing. It is cyclic and dynamic, client-centered, collaborative and interpersonal, focuses on problem solving and decision making, and is universally applicable
What are the steps of the ANA Standards of Nursing Practice?