founder of modern nursing. focused on illness and health, improved environment = improved health. Opened 1st training school for nurses (St. Thomas' Hospital, London), wrote 1st nursing textbook: Notes on Nursing
received first diploma from US training school. 1st superintendent of Mass General Hospital, introduced documentation through 'nurses notes', initiated uniforms
campaigned for nursing education in university settings. 1st nurse appointed to university professorship, 1st director of Dept of Nursing at Columbia University
founder of public health nursing. Established Henry Street Settlement Service, improved tenement housing, founded Children's Bureau of US Dept of Labor
Isabel Hamptom Robb
founded forerunner organizations of ANA & NLN. Implemented grading that would demonstrate students' competency, Supported student rights
recognized relationship between poverty, overpopulation, and elevated infant/maternal mortality rates. Advocated for allowance of contraception information, 1st president of International Planned Parenthood Federation. Coined the phrase "birth control"
established Frontier Nursing Service. Provided primary care to rural America, lowed childbirth mortality rates in Leslie County, KY
1st African American professional nurse. Advocate for woman's right to vote, member of National Assoc of Colored Graduate Nurses
How did the emergence of health insurance impact the demand for nurses?
more people were able to afford healthcare, increased demand for nurses
Who were often used as nurses during the Victorian Era?
incarcerated criminals, poorly educated women, there was a very negative attitude towards nurses at this time
When did the "angel of mercy" image of nurses arise?
during the late 19th century (Crimean War/Florence Nightingale), changed the way nurses were regarded
How did the suffragette movement change attitudes toward nursing?
establishing the right to vote helped to shift society's viewpoint away from a paternalistic nature, women were seen less as being subservient towards men helping to change the view of a nurse as "the doctor's handmaiden"
What negative stereotypes have been associated with nursing?
sex object, tyrannical mother, surrogate mother
Who initiated the "Nurses of America" effort to improve the image of nursing in the 1990s?
the Tri-Council for Nursing (AACN, ANA, AONE, NLN)
What campaign did Johnson & Johnson launch in 2002 to promote nursing as a positive career choice?