Nursing Foundations - Unit 1 (Education)

olanjones's version from 2016-01-27 21:34

Section 1

Question Answer
What is the meaning of the Nursing's Social Policy Statement (NSPS)?The goal of a nurse it to provide overall care for clients in the full spectrum of health needs through the diagnosis and treatment of the human response
What are the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies? (7 of them)cost conscious care, pre-licensure knowledge, skills, and attitude (KASs), graduate KASs, patient-centered care, quality improvement, teamwork and collaboration, information technology
What are the education choices for RN?Hospital school diploma, Associate degree, Baccalaureate degree, Masters, DPN, PhD
What are the roles a nurse may assume?Caregiver, communicator, teacher, client advocate, counselor, manager, case manager, research consumer, change agent, leader
What is the purpose of standards of professional nursing practice as stated by AACN and NSPS?to establish the parameters of what society can expect from nurses

Section 2

Question Answer
American Nursing Association (ANA)maintain standards for nursing practice, code of ethics, develop educational standards, oversee credentialing system (publication- Nursingworld)
National League for Nursing (NLN)identify nursing needs of society, foster education, conduct educational data surveys, provide CE programs (publication- Nursing Education Perspectives)
National Student Nurses' Association (NSNA)provides nursing students practice in self-government, advocate for student/patient rights (publication- Imprint)
National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN)allows boards of nurses to work on common interest/concern, develop & administer licensure exams for RN (NCLEX) and LP/VN, national clearinghouse for info on nursing regulation
Sigma Theta TauInternational nursing honor society, membership by invitation to baccalaureate and graduate nursing students and leaders based on academic achievement (publication- Journal of Nursing Scholarship)

Section 3

Question Answer
Benner's Novice to Expert Modeldescribes stages of career development from having no experience to high proficiency
Flexner Report (1910)criticized the quality used to educate physicians, resulted in closure of 400 schools and led to one model of education
Goldmark Report (1923)concluded average hospital training schools failed to link practice and theory, recommended that nursing education occur in university setting
Bolton Act (1943)provided first federal funding for nursing education, led to the improvement, subsidization, and expansion of nursing programs; created US Cadet Nurse Corp
Hill-Burton Act (1946)established federal funds to build hospitals which led to an increased demand for nurses
Brown Report: Nursing for the Future (1948)programs should be go through review and accreditation processes, recommended university schools of nursing
Institute of Research and Service in Nursing Education Report (1955)indicated a shortage of nurses post WWII, led to establishment of practical nursing under Titile III of Health Amendment Act (1955)
Pew Report (1993)recommend community based education, graduate level clinical training; interdisciplinary teaching, practice, and research programs for chronic care; advocated greater diversity
Sullivan & Sullivan Commission (2004)noted population diversity was not mirrored in health professions, offered recommendations to improve diversity
Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation (2009)multi-year study of education funded by Carnegie Foundation; recommend greater integration of clinical/classroom instruction; broaden clinical sites, baccalaureate should be entry ed., increase diversity of student/faculty *co-authored by Benner*
Future of Nursing: Institute of Medicine Report (2010)recommend that nurses practice to full extent of their education; achieve higher education; be full partners and leaders with other providers; systemic collection/analysis of workforce data

Section 4

Question Answer
Noviceno experience
Advanced beginnerdemonstrates marginally acceptable performance
Competent2-3 years experience (organizational/planning abilities)
Proficient3-5 years experience (perceives holistic experience)
Experthighly proficient, highly skilled, analytical, intuitive

Section 5

Question Answer
Dorothea DixSuperintendent of Army Nurses (Union) during the Civil War; created first mental asylums
Luther Christmanfounded National Male Nurse Association (later the AAMN), was denied admission to UA Army Nurse Corp based on gender
Sairy GampCharles Dickens negative depiction of a nurse - took care of patients by physically abusing them and stealing from them
Standards of Practiceresponsibilities for which nurses are accountable
Standards of Professional Performanceexpected behavior displayed by nurses
Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA)patient receives written notification upon admission of rights to accept or refuse medical care and use of advance directives

Recent badges