Nursing 101 Final review

cricket's version from 2015-12-05 02:38

Section 1

Question Answer
primary carewell child, health promotion
secondary career for accident, trama, emergent care
tertuary carechronic care, ICU, specialized care
Maslows1. physical needs 2. safety and security 3. love and belonging 4. self esteem 5. self acutualization
Medulla oblongataThe medulla oblongata helps regulate breathing, heart and blood vessel function, digestion, sneezing, and swallowing.
reticular formation arousal and sleep and attention and muscle tone
pituitary gland growth, blood pressure, certain functions of the sex organs, thyroid glands and metabolism, childbirth, nursing, water/salt concentration and the kidneys, temperature regulation and pain relief.
eustresshealthy stress, good health
ADPIEassessment, diagnosis, planning, interventions, evaluation
what are the steps when listening to the bowels?inspection, auscultion, papation, percussion

Section 2

Question Answer
nevi meansbirth mark or mole on the skin
lentigo senalisage or liver spots
papule/nodule lesionsmall flat less than 1 cm (moles)
vesiclefluid filled less than 1cm
bullalarger than 1 cm
Pharmacokineticsprocess by which drugs act in the body
5 rights of medicationdrug, dose, patient, route, time
cellular exudateWBC move in blood stream to injured tissue area
igGmajor antibody
igAmother, baby, placenta
igMprimary immune respose. current infection
t-cells and b-cells havememory

Section 3

Question Answer
libelwritten defamation of character
assault threating action
batterytouching without consent
autonomyself determination
benefeciencedoing good, promootion of good
sympathetic responseteary eyes, ↑gi mobility, ↓b/p,p and rr, restlessness,↓blood glucose level, alertness, dilation of pupils
Parasympathetic responseshypotension, weakness, exhaustion, pupil contraction, n/v ↓pulse
nociceptive painactivationof primary afferent nociceptors by mechanical, thermal, or chemical stimuli
Neuropathic painfrom damage to peripheral nervous or CNS tissue or from altered processing of pain in the CNS
what is the 5th vital signpain

Section 4

Question Answer
RBCwomen 4.2-5.4 million, men 4.7-6.1 million
HgBsmen 14-18, women 12-16
HCTmen 42-52%, women 37-47%
serousserum, plasma like , clear to light yellow, thin
serosanguineousbloody and serous
purulentpus exudates
nutrition rule for women100 pounds for 5 feet and 5 pounds for every inch after five feet
nutrition rule for men106 pounds for 5 feet and 6 pounds for every inch after five feet

Section 5

Question Answer
gerontologystudy of all aspects of the aging process and its consequences
stochasticrandom cellular damage over time and interferes with functioning
nonstochasticbody in programmed to best at certain amount of time
dysparenuniapainful intercourse
culture imposition blindness to others cultures view your own lifestyle as normal when judging others
flank pain is side pain ( kidney pain)
receptionstimulation of receptors such as light, touch and sound
peceptioninterpretation of stimuli
olfactory smell
kinestheticposition awareness
accommodationcontractions of ciliary muscles to change the focus to an object at a different distance
diplopiadouble vision
photopia sensitivity to light, migrains
aphasiaunable to produce or understand language
cerumenearwax becomes hard

Section 6

Question Answer
what stage of REM or NREM is colorful dreams REM
seretonin does what ↓ activity of the brain
Melitonin does what helps you sleep
what is a circadian rhythm24 hr cycle, periods of awake and sleep, changes in T, B/P, hormone secretion
what is the amino acid found in turkey to help you sleepTriptofan
what are other forms of Triptofanwarm milk, cheese and eggs
somnambulismsleep walking
less then 5 hours or more than 8 hours of sleep causes what? weight gain/ obesity

Section 7

Question Answer
mixed food/ liquid with digestive jucies is called chyme
what shape is the stomach J
what is intrinsic factorit is a glycoprotein in the stomach that helps absorb B12 in the small intestine
what are the sections of the small intestineduodenum, jejunum, ileum
what are the sections of the large intestineceum, appendix, colon, rectum, anus
what is the valsalvas maneuverstraining or bearing down for a BM
what is a source of fiberwhole grains, fresh fruit and vegetables
bulk forming laxatives do whatabsorb water ( metamucil) drink lots of water
encourage patients to eat what for normal florayogurt and buttermilk (diarrhea wipes out normal flora)