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Nursing 1

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juniperk's version from 2016-09-05 03:22

Section 1

Question Answer
Knowledge Baseddiagnosis, interventions, evaluations
Reciprocityallowing a nurse to apply for and be endorses as registered nurse in another state
Aims of Nursing Practicepromote health, prevent illness, restore health, facilitate coping with disability or death
Standardsrules or guidelines that allow nurses to carry out professional roles; serve to protect the nurse, patient and institution
Licensureto be given license to practice nursing in a state after successfully meeting requirements
Professionoccupation that meets specific criteria including specific knowledge, code of ethics, standards and autonomy
Nurse Practice Actslaws established to regulate nursing practice such as protecting the public by defining the legal scope of nursing practice, creating a state board of nursing, establish criteria for the education and licensure of nurses
Nursingprofession that focuses on assisting individuals, families and communities to attain, recover and maintain optimum health and function from birth to old age
Animismbelief that everything in nature was alive with invisible forces Good spirits=health; bad spirits = sickness/death
Acute Illnessrapid onset of symptoms and lasts only a short time
chronic illnessSlow onset, permanent change, irreversible alterations to normal anatomy or physiology, requires special education for rehabilitation, requires long period of care or support
diseasemedical term referring to pathological changes in the structure or function of the body or mind
exacerbationsymptoms of a disease reappear
healthis a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
health disparityhealth difference that is closely linked to social, economic or environmental disadvantages
health promotionbehavior of a person who is motivated by a personal desire to increase well being and health Primary--immunizations, family planning, weight loss, diet, exercise Secondary--screenings, paps, mammo's, counseling Tertiary--medication, therapy my surgery, rehab, OT, PT
holistic careaddresses the many dimensions that comprise the whole person
illnessresponse to disease
morbidityhow frequently a disease occurs
mortalitythe number of death resulting from the disease
remissionsymptoms of a disease disappear although the disease is still present
risk factorsomething that increases a person's chances for illness or injury
wellnessACTIVE state of being healthy, including living a lifestyle that promotes good physical, mental and emotional health
Stage 1--experiencing symptomsrecognizing symptoms--generally cough, fever, rash, bleeding, etc. Possibly resolves with self care, if so patient stays here and doesn't advance to another step
Stage 2--assuming the sick roleself defines as sick, seeks validation, gives up normal activities--seeks diagnosis from Dr
Stage 3--assuming the dependent roleaccepts diagnosis and follows the prescribed treatment plan--may enter hospital or treat at home
Stage 4--achieving recovery and rehabilitationgives up dependent role and resumes normal activities
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
congruencewhen words and actions match
genuine interestwhen the nurse is comfortable with himself or herself, aware of his or her strengths and limitations, and clearly focused, the client perceives genuine interest
empathyability to perceive the meanings and feelings of the client
sympathyfeelings of concern or compassion one shows for another
acceptancewho does not become upset or respond negatively to a clients outburst, anger or acting out - avoiding judgements no matter what the behavior
positive regardunconditional, nonjudgemental attitude toward another and showing respect
self awarenessdeveloping an understanding of ones own values, beliefs, thoughts, feelings, attitudes, motivations, strengths, prejudices, etc
valuesabstract standards that give a person a sense of right and wrong and establish a code of conduct for living--hard work, honesty, sincerity, cleanliness, orderliness
prizingwhen the person considers the value, cherishes it and publicly attaches it to himself
actingwhen the person puts the value into action
beliefsideas that one holds to be true
attitudegeneral feelings or a frame of reference around which a person organizes knowledge about the world--hopeful, optimistic, pessimistic, positive, negative
empirical knowingscience of nursing
personal knowinglife experiences
ethical knowingmoral knowledge
aesthetic knowingart of nursing
social relationshipsprimarily initiated for the purpose of friendship, socialization, companionship,
intimate relationshipsinvolves two people who are emotionally committed to each other
therapeutic relationshipfocuses on the needs, experiences, feelings, and ideas of the client only
orientation phasebegins when the nurse and client meet and ends when the client begins to identify problems to examine--trust begins to be established
duty to warnnotify intended victims and police of a threat
working phasedivided into two sub phases: problem identification - identify issues and concerns exploitation- examine feelings and responses and to develop better coping skills
transferenceclient unconsciously transfers to the nurse feelings he has for a significant other
countertransferencenurse responds to the client based on personal unconscious needs and conflicts
termination phasefinal stage in relationship- issues resolved and relationship ends
teacher rolenurse teaches the client new methods of coping or solving problems. Instruct about medication regimen and community resources
caregiver rolein mental health settings, implementation of therapeutic relationships building trust, exploring feelings, helping client meet psychosocial needs
advocacyprocess of acting on the clients behalf when he or she can not do so--insuring privacy, dignity, informed consent,
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
verbal communicationconsists of words a person uses to speak to one or more listeners
nonverbal communicationbehavior that accompanies verbal content such as body language, eye contact, facial expression and tone of voice
congruent messageconveyed when the content and the process agree
incongruent messagewhen what the speaker says and what she does do not agree
therapeutic communicationinterpersonal interaction between client and nurse during which the nurse focuses on the clients specific needs
proxemicsthe study of distance zones between people in communication
intimate zone0-18 inches--comfortable for parents with young children, people who mutually desire personal contact
personal zone18-36 inches--the distance comfortable for family and friends who are talking
social zone4-12 feet--distance is acceptable for work, social, or business settings
public zone12-25 feet--acceptable distance between speaker and audience, small groups or informal functions
concrete messageswords are explicit and need no interpretation
abstract messagesunclear patterns of words that often contain figures of speech difficult to understand
overt cuesclear, direct statements of intent
covert cuesvague and indirect messages that need interpretation
body languagegestures, postures, movements, used as a nonverbal form of communication
spiritualityclients belief about life, health, illness, death and ones relationships to the universe
assertive communicationability to express positive and negative ideas and feelings in an open and honest direct way--recognizes the rights of both parties
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
trust vs mistrustinfants viewing the world as safe and reliable viewing relationships as stable, nurturing and dependable
autonomy vs doubt and shametoddlers achieving a sense of control and free will
initiative vs guiltpreschool beginning to develop a conscience learning to manage conflict and anxiety
industry vs inferiorityschool aged building confidence in own abilities taking pleasure in accomplishments
identity vs role diffusion (confusion)adolescence formulating a sense of self and belonging
intimacy vs isolationyoung adult forming adult, loving relationships and meaningful attachments to others being creative and productive
generativity vs stagnationmiddle adult establishing the next generation
ego integrity vs despairmaturity accepting responsibility for ones self and life
socioeconomic statusrefers to ones income, education, and occupation--strongly influences health
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
basic human needsCommon to all people and meeting these needs is essential for the health and survival of all people
blended familyformed when parents bring unrelated children from previous relationships together to form another family.
communityspecific population or group of people living in the same geographic area under similar regulations and having common values, interests and needs
extended familyunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents, etc
familyany group of people who love together and depend on one another for physical, emotional and financial support
love and belonging needsLEVEL 3 Understanding and acceptance of others in both giving and receiving love, feeling of belonging
nuclear familytraditional family-2 parents and their children
physiologic needsLEVEL 1 oxygen, food, water, elimination, temperature, sexuality, physical activity, rest
safety and security needsLEVEL 2 Being protected from potential or actual harm, trusting others, free from fear or anxiety
self actualization needsLEVEL 5 Need to reach full potential through development of unique capabilities-acceptance of self and others, respect others, discriminate good vs evil
self esteem needsLEVEL 4 Feeling good about oneself, feel pride and sense of accomplishment, confidence, independence
memorize