NURS 111 (Exam II)

jasmine's version from 2015-12-06 23:45

Section 1

Question Answer
Activities (6 to 12 years old) Gross motor development is fostered by ball sports, skating, dance lessons, water and snow skiing/boarding, biking; A sense of industry is fostered by playing a musical instrument, gathering collections, starting hobbies, playing board and video games; Cognitive growth is facilitated by reading, crafts, word puzzles, school work
Communication (6 to 12 years old) Use of language is mature; Is able to converse and discuss topics for increasing lengths of time; Spends many hours at school and with friends in sports or other activities
What Health Professionals may communicate to 6 to 12 year olds Assess child's knowledge before teaching; Allow the child to select rewards following procedures; Teach techniques such as counting or visualization to manage difficult situations; Include both parent and child in health care decisions


Section 2

Question Answer
Adolescents (12 to 18 years old)A period of identity formation; A time of passage signaling the end of childhood and the beginning of adulthood
Adolescent Period (12 to 18 years old) According to Theorists Identity versus Role Confusion-12 to 20 years (Erikson): Formation of strong sense of identity as an individual, and as a member of society, identification of personal and occupational goals, Or Role confusion, social alienation, potential substance abuse, etc.; Formal Operational-11 to 15 years (Piaget): Children use rational thinking. Reasoning is deductive and futuristic; and Genital Stage (Freud): Energy is directed toward full sexual maturity and function and development of skills needed to cope with the environment
What may happen during the adolescent yearssIf a healthy identity and sense of self-worth are not developed during this period, role confusion and purpose-less struggling will ensue
Define Puberty and when it occursSexual maturity, and begins near the end of the school-age period
Prepubescent period for girlsMarked by a growth spurt at an average age of 10 years
Prepubescent period for boysMarked by a growth spurt at an average age of 13 years
Growth spurt in girlsAccompanied by an increase in breast size and growth of pubic hair; Menstruation occurs last and signals achievement of puberty
Growth spurt in boysAccompanied by growth in size of penis and testes and growth of pubic hair; Deepening of voice and growth of facial hair occur late, at the time of puberty
Fine Motor Ability (Adolescents 12 to 18 years old)Skills are well developed
Gross Motor Ability (Adolescents 12 to 18 years old)New sports activities are attempted and muscle development continues; Some lack of coordination is common during growth spurt
Sensory Ability (Adolescents 12 to 18 years old) Sensory ability is fully developed
ImportantAdolescent are able to take adult doses of medications, pending on case by case basis
During adolescents...Children grow stronger and more muscular and establish characteristic male and female patterns of fat distribution; The apocrine and eccrine glands mature, leading to increased sweating and a distinct odor to perspiration; The increase in height and weight is generally remarkable and is completed in 2-3 years
What offers challenges to adolescent's rapid bodily changes?Physical changes and hormonal variations in identity formation
Cognitive development in Adolescents (12 to 18 years old)Marks the beginning of Piaget's last stage, the stage of formal operational thought
The adolescent no longer depends on...Concrete experiences as the basis of thought but develops the ability to reason abstractly; Such concepts as justice, truth, beauty, and power can be understood; and spends a great deal of time thinking, reading, and talking about abstract concepts
The ability to think and act independently leads many adolescents to...Rebel against parental authority, and through these actions, adolescents seek to establish their own identity and values
Psychosocial development in Adolescents (12 to 18 years old)Mature in relationships with others
The Key Aspect that teens work on during relationships and activities is Establishing a meaningful identity
Adolescent ActivitesRepresent a central focus; May drive, ride buses, or bike independently, sports, extracurricular school activities, and hanging out and attending movies or concerts with friends; Less dependent on parents for transportation and spend more time with friends
Activities for adolescents also drive...Psychosocial development, as the peer group becomes the focus of activities, regardless of the teen's interest
What are peers important for in establishing for adolescents?Identity and providing meaning
Same-sex interactions...Dominate, however boy-girl relationships are more common than at earlier stages, thus participate in and learn from social interactions fundamental to adult relationships
Characteristics of temperament manifested during childhoodUsually remain stable in the teenage years
Nurses roles in adolescentsMay be to inform parents of different personality types and to help them support the teen's uniqueness while providing necessary structure and feedback; Can help parents understand their teen's personality type and work with the adolescent to meet expectations of teachers and others in authority
Adolescent CommunicationAll parts of speech are used and understood by adolescent; Colloquialisms (expressions that seeks to imitate informal speech) and slang are commonly used with the peer group; Often studies a foreign language in school, having the ability to understand and analyze grammar and sentence structure
A period of stress or crisis generally occurs before...A strong identity can emerge
The adolescent has a need to...Leave the past to be different and to change from former patterns to establish a self-identity
Rules that are repeated constantly and dogmatically will probably be...Broken in the adolescent's quest for self-awareness
When rules that are repeated constantly are broken, this may cause...Difficulties when the adolescent has a health problem that requires ongoing care, such as diabetes or a heart problem
Alternatives for adolescent self-efficacy in health careIntroducing the adolescent to other teens who manage the same problem appropriately usually is more successful in getting the adolescent to comply with a care plan than telling the adolescent what to do

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