NURS 111 (2)1

jasmine's version from 2015-10-14 22:16

Section 1

Question Answer
What Influences Family StructureFamily members and family roles (take everything into consideration when providing nursing care)
What are Some Qualities of Strong FamiliesCommitments, Appreciating, Encouragements and Support, Positivity, Flexibility, Communicative, Coping Strategies and Problem Solving
Define Family Systems TheoryA system that is in continuous interaction, greater than the sum of its part; Open to closed with most falling in a range somewhere in between
Application of Family System TheoryFamily members will all adapt to the situation; Boundary between the environment and individuality (addressing the whole family unit, not just the individuals)
Family Stress Theory1) Stresses limit on how much can be sustained and endured before explosion or crisis occurs; 2) Other issues occurring in the family impacts the ability to cope with current situation; and 3) The effects of stress are accumulative effects of stress will eventually manifest in disease or some form of acting out
Application of Family SystemTalk to the patient and family; Assess to determine how much other stressors are impacting the child

Section 2

Question Answer
Determinants of ParentingWhat shapes parenting; Family roles and relationships; Generational continuity; Nursing care and family
What Shapes ParentingTemperament and ability to cope; Skills and vigilance; and Education and values to name a few
Family Roles and RelationshipsStatus; Defined role; Expectations; Learned through socialization process
Generational ContinuityHabits are passed down through generations; Parenting skills are primarily learned by observing and interacting with own parents; More easier to parent when raised in a caring family
Nursing Care and FamilyDiscipline; Test limits of control; Channel undesirable feelings into productive activity

Section 3

Question Answer
Self-EfficacyThe expectation that someone can produce a desired outcome
ResilienceThe ability to function with healthy responses, even when experiencing significant stress and adversity
Protective FactorsProvide strength and assistance in dealing with crises
Risk FactorsPromote and contribute to challenges
Protective and Risk Factors can be Identified...In children, families, and communities
Adjustment PhaseCharacterized by disorganization and unsuccessful attempts at meeting a situation
Adaptation PhaseMeeting the challenge and using resources in a situation
MoralIn relation, or relating to right or wrong
MoralityRefers to the requirements necessary for people to live together in society
Moral BehaviorRefers to the way an individual perceives and responds to those requirements
Moral DevelopmentRefers to the pattern of change in moral behavior in age
PersonalityMay be considered an outward expression of the inner self
Developmental TaskSomething that arises at or about a certain period in the life of an individual, successful achievement of which leads to happiness and success with later tasks, while failure leads to unhappiness in the individual, disapproval by society, and difficulty with later tasks
AssimilationThe process through which humans encounter and react to new situations by using mechanisms they already possess; People may acquire knowledge and skills as well as insights into the world around them
AccommodationA process of change whereby cognitive processes mature sufficiently to allow the individual to solve problems that were unsolvable before; This adjustment is possible due to new knowledge has been assimilated
AdaptationThe ability to handle the demands made by the environment; Coping behavior
Receptive SpeechThe understanding of words
Expressive SpeechWords that can be spoken

Section 4

Question Answer
Family CohesionEmotional bonding between family members
ResiliencyEnables individuals to overcome adversity and then heal from the experience (i.e., crises and developmental transitions)
Family Coping MechanismsBehaviors families use to deal with stress or changes imposed from either within or without the family
Ingredients of Family MechanismsActive method of problem-solving; Development of social support systems important
Emotional Availability (Quality of Parent-Child) Areas of AssessmentParental sensitivity; Structuring; Non-intrusiveness; Non-hostility
4 Levels of Family Flexibility1) Rigid; 2) Structured; 3) Flexible; and 4) Chaotic
Family Communication PatternsFocuses on the listening and speaking skills, self-disclosure and tracking abilities of the family as a group (listens, speaks, self-disclosure, and tracks)
Some Parenting StylesParental warmth and control; Consistent limit setting on children's autonomy while children are still learning values and self-control; Parents may need to foster children's curiosity, initiative and sense of competence
Authoritarian Parenting StyleStrict, "Just do what I say"
Authoritative Parenting StyleRules, limits firm yet more democratic
Permissive Parenting StyleFew controls
Indifferent Parenting StyleNo much interest in rules, limits, nor affection
DisciplineMethod for teaching children rules and expectations
PunishmentAction taken to enforce rules
Client TeachingPromote acceptable behavior in children

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