Nucleic Acids

dawovani's version from 2017-10-23 12:52


They are in the nucleus of every cell of the organism, contain protein compounds with Nucleic acids(DNA,RNA). Contain the genetic code.

Hydrolysis of Nucleic acids

Hydrolysis of nucleic acids gives orthophosphoric acid,base and corresponding sugars.
(Goalkeeper hands up legs down)Ribose sugar
(Goalkeeper hands up leg down, no leg at right)Deoxyribose sugar
Side ho to tide ho!!!nucleoside to nucleotide
Base ke liye side do!!Base attached to C1
Base ko tide dophosphoric acid attached at C5
Dinucleotide(FastFastDexter lame!)Phosphodiester formation to give dinucleotide
child with a balloon, and candy, fixes candy on others ass and so on!!Polynucleotide, formation of nucleic acid chain
RNA full formRibosomal, Messenger, Transfer


Imagine a primary class. Kids stuck in an enclosure, followed by another enclosure. Enclosure tightly bound.
Now the enclosure is following a sequential construct.
Information regarding the sequence of nucleotides in the chain of nucleic acid is called primary structure.


Question Answer
Nucleotidethe monomer of nucleic acids; made up of 3 parts, phosphate, sugar, and nitrogenous base
4 Nitrogenous Bases of DNAATGC
4 Nitrogenous Bases of RNAAUGC
A(At a time)Adenine
G(Goa nine)Guanine
C(side to side)Cytosine
nucleosideNucleoside (side ) = Sugar + Base (only base)
NucleotideNucleotide (ide) = Sugar + Base + Phospate (ate)
Pairs in DNAA with T, C with G
Pairs in RNAA with U, C with G
What is the "DNA" shape?Double helix
What is the "RNA" shape?Single helix, no relation between bases

Biological Functions of Nucleic acid

Question Answer
DNAGenetic information reserve
Nucleic acidsProduction of protein
1 men, 2 men NOW!DNA duplicating ability, same strands to both daughter cells formed
Protein informationIn DNA
Protein synthesisIn RNA