NT Survey Week 1

jmneumann1's version from 2016-04-12 15:07


Question Answer
An uncovering or a revelation – a term applied to a type of literature that is pessimistic about humanity’s possibilities and hence discloses God’s plan for the last days. Although related to prophecy and eschatology, ______ stresses more precisely and forcefully the future intervention of God in the end-time. Apocalypse
The fourteen books of the Septuagint Bible not found in the Hebrew Bible; usually part of the Catholic Bible but not the Protestant Bible. Apocrypha
The language of Palestine during the time of Jesus and the early church. A Semitic tongue, it is closely related to Hebrew.Aramaic
The scientific study of ancient cultures on the basis of their material remains, such as fossil relics, artifacts, monuments, pottery, and buildings.Archaeology
The act or sacrament of immersion into water by which a person was received into the early Christian church. It is transliterated from the Greek term meaning "to dip" or "to immerse."Baptism
A term originally applied to a reed used for measuring. It was later used of those books or writings that became standard or authoritative for the early Christians. Canon
From the Hebrew term meaning “anointed one.” It was used of the Davidic king, whose restoration was expected in Jesus’ day. Its Greek equivalent is Christos (Christ), the basic designation of Jesus in the New Testament.Messiah
The group of rabbinical scholars who helped to standardize the Jewish religion shortly after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 CE. They are usually credited with having fixed the Hebrew canon of the Old Testament, now followed by Protestants as well as Jews.Council of Jamnia
A solemn agreement that binds two parties together. The Old Testament _____ depicts the agreement by which God and the people of Israel were bound together, and the New Testament _____ tells the story of the new agreement elected by God with the new Israel through Jesus the Christ. Ordinarily in biblical usage a _____ is sealed in blood.Covenant
Ancient Jewish documents from the period of Christian origins, discovered at Qumran, near the Dead Sea since 1947. Dead Sea Scrolls
The Jewish community scattered (dispersed) outside the holy land of Palestine. This dispersion originated in the Babylonian exile of 587 BCE.Diaspora
An ascetic, Jewish religious group existing at the time of the New Testament. They stressed radical obedience to the Jewish law.Essenes
Specifically, the removal of defeated Israelites by the Babylonians in 587 BCE.Exile

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