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verickle's version from 2018-09-10 20:41

Storage spaces

Question Answer
Storage tiersAutomatically moves frequently accessed data to faster (solid-state drive) storage and infrequently accessed data to slower (hard disk) storage
Write-back cacheBuffers small random writes to solid-state drives, reducing the latency of writes
Parity space support for failover clustersEnables you to create parity spaces on failover clusters
Dual parityStores two copies of the parity information on a parity space, which helps protect you from fino simultaneous physical disk failures and optimizes storage efficiency
Automatically rebuild storage spaces from storage pool free spaceDecreases how long it takes to rebuild a storage space after a physical disk failure by using spare capacity In the pool instead of a single hot spare
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DNS

Question Answer
SOADefines authoritative server
NSName servers
Aassociates host name with IP
PTRIP to name
MXMail
SRVservices like DCs
SOAspecify which servercontains the zone file for a domain
Conditional forwarderconfigures the DNS server to forward a query it receives to a DNS server depending on the DNS name contained in the query
Stub zoneCopy of a zone that contains only records used to locate name servers
Dynamic updatesallow hosts to update DNS. Secure-only only lets AD authenticated hosts update
Primary zoneRead/write copy of a DNS database
Secondary zoneRead-only copy of a DNS database
Active Directory-Integrated zoneZone data is stored in AD DS rather than in zone files
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DHCP

Question Answer
Scoperange of IP addresses that are available for lease
ReservationIP assigned to a MAC Address
ExclusionsA range of addresses not to be assigned
FiltersAllow: Only these MAC will be allowed. Deny: These MACs will not be allowed.
003Gateway
006DNS
015Domain Name
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IPv6

Question Answer
TeredoIPv6 over IPv4 using UDP. Use with NAT
6to4Allows router to provide IPv6 over IPv4
ISATAPHeader + Ipv4
Unspecified::/128
Loopback::1/128
IPv4 Mapped::ffff/96
Unique local unicastfc00::/7
Link-Localfe80::/10
::/128
::1/128
::ffff/96
fc00::/7Provide addresses that are private to an organization but unique across all the organization’s sites
fe80::/10
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File Systems

Question Answer
Disk QuotasNTFS
Needed for ADNTFS
Dynamic VolumesNTFS
Mounted Drives (local disk to drive name)NTFS
Remote StorageNTFS
Self HealingNTFS
SecurityNTFS
Better healingReFS
Larger volumesReFS
Data IntegrityReFS
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File servers

Question Answer
Access Based Enumerationonly see it if you have permission. Default in 2008, manual in 2012
Offline Filesgenerally through GPO
Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS)Vssadmin.exe
$ to make invisible
PermissionsLeast Restrictive of both Shared and NTFS, then Most Restrictive of both
Disk QuotasCan make templates. NTFS only. Hard and soft limits.
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AD command prompt

Question Answer
CSVDECSV AD forms
DSDIAGTroubleshoot domain
DJOINOffline domain joins
DSADDadd an item to AD
DSGETquery AD
LDIFDELine delimited import/export
NTDSUTILAD Database Maintenance
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AD structure

Question Answer
OUsApply GPOs but not permissions
GroupsApply permissions but not GPOs
Delegate control over OUs to relevant permission
Block InheritanceBlocks GPOs from above
EnforceForces GPO through Blocked Inheritance
Account
Globalput the accounts here
UniversalPeople from all domains. Heavy replication load
Domain LocalAssign permissions
Permissions
AGUDLPaccount, global, universal, domain local, permission
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Hyper-V

Question Answer
Enhanced Session ModeIntegration Features for Hyper-V
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Automatic Virtual Machine Activation
Question Answer
ExternalHost, VMs and Internet
InternalHost, VMs
PrivateVMs only
Dynamically Expanding
Fixed
Differencing (need a parent)
Physical (pass-through-disk)Must be offline in host
Generation 1Older versions of HyperV
Generation 2PXE, SCSI, UEFI
Automatic Start/StopWhat to do when host starts/stops
NIC Teaming1-32 Cards. Load Balancing and Failover
Storage Quality of ServiceManage IOPS for VHDs
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Security

Question Answer
Access Control List (ACL)List of Users and Groups allowed to access
Access Control Entry (ACE)What can they do once they get there
Auditpol.exe
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Work Folders

Question Answer
1Obtain SSL Certificates
2Create DNS records
3Install Work Folders on file server
4Bind SSL Cert to sync server
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5. Create security groups for Work Folders
Question Answer
6Create sync shares
7Configurew Web Application Proxy
8Deploy via GPO
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FSMO roles

Question Answer
Schema masterThis DC is the only one that can process updates to the directory schema. Once the Schema update is complete, it is replicated from the schema master to all other DCs in the directory.
Domain naming masterThis DC is the only one that can add or remove a domain from the directory. It can also add or remove cross references to domains in external directories.
RID masterDC responsible for processing RID Pool requests from all DCs within a given domain. It is also responsible for removing an object from its domain and putting it in another domain during an object move.
PDC emulatorNecessary to synchronize time in an enterprise.
Infrastructure masterDC responsible for updating an object's SID and distinguished name in a cross-domain object reference.
Global catalog
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