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Normal Values

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cdunbar4's version from 2017-09-19 19:38

Basic Lab Values (pg. 1701-1706)

Question Answer
Sodium135 – 145 Chief electrolyte of ECF
Chloride96 - 106
Potassium3.5 – 5.0 Chief electrolyte of ICF
Calcium8.5 – 10.2
Magnesium1.5 - 2.5
Phosphorus2.5 – 4.5
Fasting glucose70-99
Urea nitrogen (BUN)10 - 20
Serum Creatinine0.6 - 1.3
Albumin3.5 – 5.5
Creatinine Clearance59-137 mL/min
b-Type natriuretic peptide (BNP)<100
Hemoglobin, glycosylated (A1C)4.0% - 6.0%
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CBC (pg. 1705)

Question Answer
WBC4.0-11.0 × 103/μL
Segmented neutrophils50%-70%
Band neutrophils0%-8%
Lymphocytes20%-40%
Monocytes4%-8%
Eosinophils0%-4%
Basophils0%-2%
Erythrocyte count: Male 4.3-5.7 × 106/μL
Erythrocyte count: Female3.8-5.1 × 106/μL
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)80-100 fL
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)27-34 pg
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)32%-37%
HematocritMale: 39%-50%, Female: 35%-47%
HemoglobinMale: 13.2-17.3 g/dL, Female: 11.7-15.5 g/dL
Platelets (thrombocytes)150-400 × 103/μL
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Lipids

Question Answer
Cholesterol<200 mg/dL
High-density lipoproteins (HDL)Male: >40 mg/dL, Female: >50 mg/dL
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL): Recommended?<100 mg/dL;
LDL Moderate risk for CAD130-159 mg/dL
LDL High risk for CAD>160 mg/dL
LDL: Near optimal?100-129 mg/dL
Triglycerides<150 mg/dL
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Coagulation (pg. 852)

Question Answer
PT time, which anticoagulant therapy will be prolonged?11-16 sec* seconds, Coumadin Therapy will be Prolonged
aPTT Which anticoagulant therapy will be prolonged? How many times longer? 25 – 35 seconds, Heparin Therapy will be Prolonged (up to 2.5 times longer)
INR (International Normalized Ratio) which therapy is prolonged and how much?0.75-1.25, Coumadin Therapy will be Prolonged (btwn 2.0-3.0 for afib and 2.5-3.5 for valve replacement)
Fibrinogen200-400 mg/dL
D-Dimer, if D-Dimer is high, which condition are you looking out for?<250 ng/mL DIC
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ABGs & VBGs (pg. 479)

Question Answer
Arterial pH7.35-7.45
PaO280-100 mmHg
SaO2>95%
PaCO235-45 mmHg
HCO322-26 mEq/L (same for arterial & venous)
Venous pH7.32-7.43
PvO238-42 mmHg
SvO260%-80%
PvCO238-55 mmHg
ROMERespiratory Opposite; Metabolic Equal [if cause is resp, CO2 will be off in opposite direction of pH (pH 7.5, CO2 28), if metabolic both pH and HCO3 will off in same direction (pH 7.28, HCO3 15)]
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Blood Studies (pg. 628)

Question Answer
BilirubinTotal: 0.2-1.2 mg/dL (3.0-21.0 μmol/L); Direct: 0.1-0.3 mg/dL (1.7-5.1 μmol/L); Indirect: 0.1-1.0 mg/dL (1.7-17.0 μmol/L)
Cobalamin (vitamin B12)200-835 pg/mL (148-616 pmol/L)
Erythropoietin5-30 mU/mL (5-30 U/L)
C-reactive protein (CRP)6.8-820 mcg/dL
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)<30 mm/hr
Ferritin10-250 ng/mL (10-250 mcg/L)
Folic acid (folate)3-16 ng/mL (7-36 nmol/L)
Serum iron50-175 mcg/dL (9-31.3 μmol/L)
Total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)250-425 mcg/dL (45-76 μmol/L)
Reticulocyte count0.5%-1.5% of RBC count
Transferrin190-380 mg/dL (1.9-3.8 g/L)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)10-30 U/L
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)10-40 U/L
Phosphatase, alkaline38-126 U/L
Serum amylase20-122 U/L
Serum lipase31-186 U/L
Creatine kinase (CK)Male: 20-200 U/L, Female: 20-180 U/L
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)0.4-4.2 μU/mL
T4 (thyroxine), Free0.8-2.7 ng/dL
T3 (triiodothyronine), TotalAges 20-50: 70-204 ng/dL; Ages >50: 40-181 ng/dL
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Urine (pg. 1707)

Question Answer
pH4.0-8.0
Specific gravity1.003-1.030
GlucoseNegative
Protein (dipstick)0-trace
HemoglobinNegative
BilirubinNegative
Creatinine 24 hr0.6-2.0 g/day
Creatinine clearance 24 hr59-137 mL/min/1.73 m2
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Cerebrospinal Fluid (pg. 1353)

Question Answer
Specific gravity1.007
pH7.35
AppearanceClear, colorless
Red blood cells (RBCs)None
White blood cells (WBCs)0-5 cells/μL (0-5 × 106 cells/L)
Protein• Lumbar 15-45 mg/dL (0.15-0.45 g/L)
• Cisternal 15-25 mg/dL (0.15-0.25 g/L)
• Ventricular 5-15 mg/dL (0.05-0.15 g/L)
Glucose40-70 mg/dL (2.2-3.9 mmol/L)
MicroorganismsNone
Pressure60-150 mm H2O
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Hemodynamics

Question Answer
CVP (preload)2-8 mmHg
PAWP (preload)6-12 mmHg
PADP (preload)4-12 mmHg
RVEDV (preload)
(R ventricular end-diastolic vol)
100-160 mL
PVR (afterload)<250
PVRI (afterload)160-380
SVR (afterload)800-1200
SVRI (afterload)1970-2390
MAP (afterload)70-105 mmHg
PAMP (afterload)10-20 mmHg
SV60-150 mL/min
SVI30-65 mL/beat/m2
SVV
(stroke volume variation)
<13%
HR60-100 bpm
CO4-8 L/min
CI2.2-4L/min/ m2
RVEF
(R ventricular ejection fraction)
40%-60%
Arterial hgb O2 sat95%-100%
Mixed venous hgb O2 sat60%-80%
Venous hgb O2 sat70%
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