Auschwitz in 1940 as a labour camp for Polish prisoners, vast labour and death camp. One of the largest/most efficient mass killing center ever created. 1.1 million people were murdered. Became a symbol of death. Jewish people were in gas chambers or used in slave labour. Josef Mengele's experiements were tested here.
Chelmno was the first Nazi camp where gassing was used to murder Jews on a large scale. Name was give n by Kulmhof. Jews were brought by train and open rail cars. Prisoners were gathered in courtyard and were told to undress. Forced to hand over personal items and were then sent to work camp. FIRST DISINFECTED AND SHOWERED.The site was chosen due to the village’s position in the Warthegau region (previously an area of Western Poland, but now part of Nazi Germany). It was 47 kilometres to the west of the Lodz ghetto where many of the victims came from.
Treblinka was in reality a place of mass execution - a death camp like Auschwitz. The first railway transports of victims destined for destruction arrived at the Treblinka camp on June 22, 1942. The extermination camp at Treblinka in which hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered was built in the spring of 1942 near an existing penal labour camp and covered an area of 17 hectares
During the entire period of its existence, the Majdanek camp was under construction. Construction on the camp began in October 1941 with the arrival of about 2,000 Soviet prisoners of war.
Sobibor was the second extermination camp to come into operation in the Aktion Reinhard program.
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