Night test

rivojaya's version from 2016-05-02 02:29

Section 1

Question Answer
Anschlussthe political union of Austria with Germany in 1938
Blitzany swift, vigorous attack, barrage, or defeat:
Kapoa Nazi concentration camp prisoner given the opportunity to who was assigned by the SS guards to supervise forced labor or carry out administrative tasks in the camp.
ChelmoNazi extermination camp in western Poland. Established in 1941. Nazi extermination camp in western Poland. Established in 1941. The first of the Nazi extermination camps.
Judenrata Jewish council in german occupied territory
Operation Barbarossa code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II, which began on 22 June 1941.
Operation of Reinharde codename given to the secretive German Nazi plan to mass-murder most Polish Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland
Reichstagis a German word which in political terms means Parliament. direct translation is national diet
Pogrammassacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.
Yad VashemIsrael's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. Established in 1953

Section 2

Question Answer
Auschwitz Auschwitz in 1940 as a labour camp for Polish prisoners, vast labour and death camp. One of the largest/most efficient mass killing center ever created. 1.1 million people were murdered. Became a symbol of death. Jewish people were in gas chambers or used in slave labour. Josef Mengele's experiements were tested here.
ChelmnoChelmno was the first Nazi camp where gassing was used to murder Jews on a large scale. Name was give n by Kulmhof. Jews were brought by train and open rail cars. Prisoners were gathered in courtyard and were told to undress. Forced to hand over personal items and were then sent to work camp. FIRST DISINFECTED AND SHOWERED.The site was chosen due to the village’s position in the Warthegau region (previously an area of Western Poland, but now part of Nazi Germany). It was 47 kilometres to the west of the Lodz ghetto where many of the victims came from.
TreblinkaTreblinka was in reality a place of mass execution - a death camp like Auschwitz. The first railway transports of victims destined for destruction arrived at the Treblinka camp on June 22, 1942. The extermination camp at Treblinka in which hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered was built in the spring of 1942 near an existing penal labour camp and covered an area of 17 hectares
Majdanek (Lublin) During the entire period of its existence, the Majdanek camp was under construction. Construction on the camp began in October 1941 with the arrival of about 2,000 Soviet prisoners of war.
SobiborSobibor was the second extermination camp to come into operation in the Aktion Reinhard program.