NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme Revision

benryan95's version from 2016-03-11 14:18

Section 1

Question Answer
What age group is the screening programme offered to?men and women aged 60-75 years old
What does the home testing kit given test?Faecal Occult Blood
By what % does the screening reduce the relative risk from colorectal cancer by?16%
How often can the screening be carried out typically?Every 2 years
How many bowel motions are tested in each screen?3
If an initial test is positive, what is next?An appointment with a specialist nurse, plus further investigation (usually colonoscopy)
What test does the UK NSC suggest should be used/Faecal Immunochemical Test
In 2017, what are the NHS introducing?A one off screening flexible sigmoidoscopy to people aged 55 years old.
What is FAP?Familial Adenomatous polyposis, a rare inherited disease that leads to polyps growing in colon.
How regularly are those with FAP offered 'camera tests' to check for cancerous polyps?Yearly (recommended to have large bowel removed before age of 25)
What is HNPCC?Lynch Syndrome, Hereditary Non Polyposis Colorectal Cancer, an inherited gene mutation that increases risk of bowel cancer.
How regularly are those with HNPCC offered 'camera tests'?Every 2 years, generally starting at age 25.
Name 2 conditions that can lead to colonoscopy screensUlcerative colitis and Crohn's disease

Section 2

Question Answer
If 1-2 small (<1cm) polps are found at screening, what next?Colonoscopy in 5 years, if normal, no more colonoscopy
If 3-4 small (<1cm) polpys are found, or 1-2 big (>1cm) polpys are found, what next?Colonscopy in 3 years, if 2 in a row are normal, no more colonscopies
If >5 small (1cm) polpys are found, or 3 or more big (>1cm) polpys are found, what next?Colonoscopy every year, maybe reduced in later years if risks reduces
Name 5 ways the risk of bowel cancer can be reducedA health balanced, high fibre diet + not smoking + keeping healthy weight + drinking less alcohol + being physically active

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