New Testament Anthologies - Scholarly quotes #1

caculufe's version from 2016-02-17 08:16


Question Answer
With regard to the trinity: “The challenge lies in the fact that all the views are correct. But they are correct only up to a point.”Bowker #1
On the achievement of salvation: “Like a football manager on the bench… it could only have been achieved… by God becoming involved in the game”Bowker #1
“How could God live, suffer and die in a small corner of Palestine while at the same time running the universe? It was in answer to this question that the understanding of God as Trinity began to emerge.”Bowker #1
“there was a time when he was not” Arius quoted #1
God became human in order for humans to become God again Athanasius quoted in #1
“God cannot just dismiss sins any more than a doctor examining a patient with a life-threatening illness” – Sin must be dealt with. Punishment is necessary out of God’s love, not judgement – the punishment which Jesus took. Reid in #3
“How could Jesus have been brought to the cross by people who were blessed by his signs and wonders?”Jeremias quoted in #3
“His death was believed to bring perfect forgiveness and was a perfect offering of obedience to the Father”O'Donnell quoted in #3
“Jesus… redefined God, replacing the harsh, confrontation image of judgement and condemnation, with the language of family love and acceptance” for example: “our Father”Drane quoted in #3
“He said ‘Take no thought for the morror’ and things of that sort… the early Christians did really believe it [in imminent Parousia], and they did abstain from such things as planting trees in their gardens”Russell #4
“Jesus cites no exact time” – it can only be ascertained by watching for signs – “but when it comes, God will destroy this old world, ruled and corrupted by the devil, and create a new world, men are able to… become like angels.”Kimmel relating to #4
suggests John expresses ideas of both future & realised eschatology (meaning that there will be a second coming, but believers ought to focus on their present). Moody Smith relating to #4
in John, judges the tone as that of realised eschatologyBultmann relating to #4
“Jesus was an observant Jew”Ward #5
By honouring the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7, Luke 6) early Christians, who themselves were largely Gentile, found “an inward and spiritual meaning to the revealed laws of God”Ward #5
dismisses the view that Jesus said: “Do not worry what the law says, do what I say instead” Ward #5
"Luke saw discipleship as the task of following Jesus in a spirit of love and service… accepting God’s love and forgiveness… repentance and being prepared to give up everything to follow”Cornek #6 on Luke's
"Pride was a barrier between God and his people… ‘I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance’ (5:32).” Mary, or the Sinful Woman demonstrated thanksgiving for God’ forgiveness.Cornek #6 on Luke's
“There is an immediate and hundredfold reward for those who walk out on their commitments and dependents and join Jesus… there will be even greater rewards… to come.”Taylor quoted in #6
“Disciples are those who believe in Christ and stand in a personal relationship to him as their Lord.”Marshall quoted in #6
“our life and our death is with our neighbour” so to “love one another as I have loved you” is of the upmost importance, it would also teach them how to love God. (the latter suggested in Luke's)Williams quoted in #6
“Prayer was the bedrock of discipleship… they learned to hear the voice of God”Cornek #6 on John's
“Certainly the Fourth Gospel is a Gospel for Christian disciples. The Christ of St John invites people not only to live, but also to go on living in him.”Smalley quoted in #6
“Discipleship is the primary Christian category for John.” – and here, discipleship is all about relationships – with God and Jesus, one and the same, with each other and with their community. Jesus prays for the unity of his disciples during his final prayer in chapter 17.Brown quoted in #6
“The term ‘kingdom of God’ … refers to God’s work rather than the Kingdom he rules, and the good news in Luke is that Jesus is the Son of God”Reid #7 on Luke's
The rich man and Lazarus: “the rich man is in the state he is in, not because he had money, but because the attitude to life that money had given him prevented him from accepting the truth of the scriptures. This is the real warning to the wealthy”Reid #7 on Luke's
“Praising God is seen in Luke to come as an automatic response from people experiencing the good news of salvation and forgiveness… ‘rejoice that your names are written in heaven’ (10:20)” for example the angles in the nativity, the healing of the paralysed man and the raising of the widow’s son, the Triumphal entry and that of the centurion who witnesses Jesus’ death.Reid #7 on Luke's
“The word ‘rejoice’ occurs more times in Luke than in any other book in the New testament… the Gospel itself ends on a note of praise, where, following the return of the risen Jesus to heaven, the Apostles are filled with great joy”Reid #7 on Luke's
“Parables both reveal and conceal truth: they reveal it to the genuine seeker who will take the trouble to dig beneath the surface and discover the meaning, but they conceal it from him who is content simply to listen to the story.”Morris quoted in #7 on Luke's
“the story of the banquet emphasizes the truth that people are saved by responding to God’s invitation, not by their own effort, whereas if they are lost it is by their own fault.”Morris quoted in #7 on Luke's
“We must not play at prayer… it is not that God is unwilling… he is eager to give. But if we do not want what we are asking for enough to be persistent we do not want it very much.”Morris quoted in #7 on Luke's
Luke foresaw the coming since: “you do not write the history of the Church is you are expecting the end of the world to come any day” Ernst Kasemann quoted in #7 on Luke's
The Gospel ends with the promise of ParousiaMorris quoted in #7 on Luke's
“Luke associates the coming of the Kingdom of God not only with preaching but also with the mighty works of Jesus which are signs of the activity of God. The coming of the kingdom is firmly tied historically with the ministry of Jesus. From now on, the kingdom is at work…”Marshall quoted in #7 on Luke's
“In the teaching of Jesus the good news of the kingdom [delivered by Jesus] was for the poor and there were stern warnings to the rich about the danger of [wealth].” eg: “it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God” (18:23)Marshall quoted in #7 on Luke's
“We have already seen that the ‘poor’ to whom the gospel is preached are those who are needy and dependent on God. By the same token, the ‘rich’ are those who are self-satisfied and feel no need of God.”Marshall quoted in #7 on Luke's
“the idea of salvation supplies the key to the theology of Luke” – Jesus is a culmination of Salvation History for all of God’s peoples. 1 Corinthians 15:22 – “for just as al people die for their union with Adam, all people will be raised for their union with Christ”Marshall quoted in #7 on Luke's
“There is an immediate and hundredfold reward for those who walk out on their commitments and dependants and join Jesus on the road; there will be even greater rewards ‘in the age to come’.” – as Jesus said: “do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has been pleased”Taylor quoted in #7 on Luke's
Luke records a Jesus who taught of an imminent coming of the KingdomSchweitzer quoted in #7 on Luke's
Luke records a Jesus who teaches realised eschatologyDodd quoted in #7 on Luke's
Luke records a Jesus who teaches of a distant second coming, possibly after a second comingSanders quoted in #7 on Luke's
the New Commandment (13: 34-5) gives the disciples “fresh hope” after Jesus reveals he will die.Reid #8
“The concept of the Paraclete is a stroke of genius” – it gave the Christians “a distinctive way of thinking about the presence of God” & solved problems associated with the delay of Parousia. ‘Spirit’ was an insufficient title for those in times of conflict & uncertainty, but ‘Paraclete’ confirmed the living presence of God, so much so, they felt the future blessing was already their reality.Kysar quoted in #8
Paraclete is “the presence of Jesus when he is absent” - it will resume Jesus’ earthly roles: dwelling in the disciples, interceding, guiding & teaching. The World can’t understand this relationship (14:17) which can’t itself be understood apart from that of the Father & the Son.Brown quoted in #8
: the Paraclete will judge (not prosecute) sin & righteousness in a lawsuit “of cosmic dimensions” to discover who followed Satan & rejected Jesus. This is John’s solution to the delay of Parousia: believers must look to the present for the presence of Parousia (not to the distant future). Bultmann quoted in #8
“There is no disciple at second hand. The first and last are essentially on the same plane” – Paraclete, the living presence of Jesus, consolidating and illuminating His words, allows those who never met the historical Jesus to forge a relationship with Him.Kierkgaard quoted in #8
: “there is no access to God independent of Him” – Jesus is the “gate” & “shepherd”, the “way, the truth and the life” who will prepare a place for His disciples and direct them there, though the disciples do not know where this is. The discourses with Nicodemus & the Samaritan woman show clearly that only by knowing the truth of Jesus’ words can humanity be born anew.Barrett quoted in #8
“it was natural” that He who brought a new beginning should rejuvenate the OT symbolism of the vine to “make plain to his Israelite contempories what his nature and functions were” – this is part of John’s replacement theology: Jesus replaces Israel (with this community rooted in love and obedience, who will receive eternal life, eclipsing failings of previous generations) as well as the Law. Marsh quoted in #8
The High Priestly Prayer is a “literally composition” the ideas of which might originate from the Upper Room. Jesus prays to dedicate Himself to His death (that of the good shepherd) and to provide protection for his disciples, present and future followers, that all may be one.Smalley quoted in #8
many of the great themes of John’s Gospel are contained in the high preiestly prayer, but “the thread on which every jewel hangs is the theme of Glory”Tidball relating to #8
: the whole prayer can be summarised in the first petition: Glorify your son that your son might glorify youBultmann relating to #8
the glory which the Disciples give Jesus is much more than what the rest of the world has given him, yet so much less than what is to come. Philippians: “every knee shall bow, every tongue confess”Don Carson relating to #8